Christoph Schmidt

Learn More
BACKGROUND Difficulties in prediction and early identification of (acute kidney injury) AKI have hindered the ability to develop preventive and therapeutic measures for this syndrome. We tested the hypothesis that a urine test measuring insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2), both inducers(More)
Cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a long and complex procedure with significant blood and fluid loss during debulking and important pathophysiological alterations during the HIPEC phase. We performed a retrospective analysis of 78 consecutive patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery with HIPEC at a university(More)
IMPORTANCE Optimal timing of initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for severe acute kidney injury (AKI) but without life-threatening indications is still unknown. OBJECTIVE To determine whether early initiation of RRT in patients who are critically ill with AKI reduces 90-day all-cause mortality. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Single-center(More)
Complement factor H (FH) attenuates C3b molecules tethered by their thioester domains to self surfaces and thereby protects host tissues. Factor H is a cofactor for initial C3b proteolysis that ultimately yields a surface-attached fragment (C3d) corresponding to the thioester domain. We used NMR and X-ray crystallography to study the C3d-FH19-20 complex in(More)
Factor H autoantibodies have been reported in approximately 10% of patients with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) and are associated with deficiency of factor H-related proteins 1 and 3. In this study we examined the prevalence of factor H autoantibodies in the Newcastle cohort of aHUS patients, determined whether the presence of such(More)
Plasmodium falciparum is responsible for the most severe form of malaria disease in humans, causing more than 1 million deaths each year. As an obligate intracellular parasite, P. falciparum's ability to invade erythrocytes is essential for its survival within the human host. P. falciparum invades erythrocytes using multiple host receptor-parasite ligand(More)
OBJECTIVE Sepsis is the most important trigger for acute renal failure, with tubular dysfunction and collapse in urine concentration. As chloride plays a major role in the urinary concentrating mechanisms, we aimed to investigate the regulation of renal chloride entry pathways, such as kidney-specific chloride channel 1, kidney-specific chloride channel 2,(More)
Severe sepsis is accompanied by acute renal failure (ARF) with renal tubular dysfunction and glucosuria. In this study, we aimed to determine the regulation of renal tubular glucose transporters during severe experimental inflammation. Male C57BL/6J mice were injected with LPS or proinflammatory cytokines, and renal perfusion, glomerular filtration rate(More)
Human complement factor H, consisting of 20 complement control protein (CCP) modules, is an abundant plasma glycoprotein. It prevents C3b amplification on self surfaces bearing certain polyanionic carbohydrates, while complement activation progresses on most other, mainly foreign, surfaces. Herein, locations of binding sites for polyanions and C3b are(More)
Multiple lines of evidence implicate the basolateral amygdala (BLA) and the noradrenergic (norepinephrine, NE) system in responding to stressful stimuli such as fear signals, suggesting hyperfunction of both in the development of stress-related pathologies including anxiety disorders. However, no causative link between elevated NE neurotransmission and BLA(More)