Christoph Schelenz

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OBJECTIVES The quadratic phase-coupling (QPC) within burst patterns during electroencephalic burst suppression has been quantified. METHODS It can be shown that a QPC exists between the frequency ranges 0-2.5 and 3-7.5 Hz and between the frequency ranges 0-2.5 and 8-12 Hz. By means of time-variant bicoherence analysis, a strong phase-locking between the(More)
The EEG during basic sedation and burst patterns during electroencephalic burst-suppression patterns (BSP) were analyzed. The aim of EEG analysis was the characterization and quantification of the interrelations between distinct frequency components in both states of sedation. The data for the investigations were derived from the routine EEG derivations of(More)
Low-frequency (0.5-2.5 Hz) and individually defined high-frequency (7-11 or 8-12 Hz; 11-15 or 14-18 Hz) oscillatory components of the electroencephalogram (EEG) burst activity derived from thiopental-induced burst-suppression patterns (BSP) were investigated in seven sedated patients (17-26 years old) with severe head injury. The predominant high-frequency(More)
An automatic EEG pattern detection unit was developed and tested for the recognition of burst-suppression periods and for the separation of burst from suppression patterns. The median, standard deviation and the 95% edge frequency were computed from single channels of the EEG within a moving window and completed by the continuous computation of frequency(More)
OBJECTIVE Several studies suggest that parameters derived from bispectral analysis of the EEG can be used to characterize specific cortical activation states represented by non linear interaction between brain electrical oscillations. For example, it was shown that so-called bispectral indices can be used to assess the depth of sedation. The methods applied(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of increasing cardiac output by epinephrine on indocyanine green plasma disappearance rate (ICG-PDR) and gastric mucosal PCO(2) (P(R)CO(2)) were studied as indicators of splanchnic microcirculation. DESIGN A prospective clinical study. SETTING Intensive care unit of a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS With ethics approval and(More)
OBJECTIVES Electroencephalographic burst activity characteristic of burst-suppression pattern (BSP) in sedated patients and of burst-interburst pattern (BIP) in the quiet sleep of healthy neonates have similar linear and non-linear signal properties. Strong interrelations between a slow frequency component and rhythmic, spindle-like activities with higher(More)
The possible linear short-term coordination between respiratory movements (RESP), heart rate fluctuations (HRF), and arterial blood pressure fluctuations (BPF) in conscious human beings has not yet been investigated because of the restricted time resolution of conventional time series analysis. At present, this short-term dynamics as an expression of(More)
The time dynamics of the quadratic phase coupling within burst patterns during electroencephalic burst-suppression has been quantified. It can be shown that a transient quadratic phase coupling (QPC) exists between the frequency ranges 0 to 2.5 and 3 to 7.5 Hz and between the frequency ranges 0 to 2.5 and 8 to 12 Hz. The QPC can be explained by an amplitude(More)
In this contribution, a methodology for the simultaneous adaptation of preprocessing units (PPUs) for feature extraction and of neural classifiers that can be used for time series classification is presented. The approach is based upon an extension of the backpropagation algorithm for the correction of the preprocessing parameters. In comparison with purely(More)