Christoph Ruediger Wolfram Kuhlmann

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Recently T-helper 17 (Th17) cells were demonstrated to disrupt the blood-brain barrier (BBB) by the action of IL-17A. The aim of the present study was to examine the mechanisms that underlie IL-17A-induced BBB breakdown. Barrier integrity was analyzed in the murine brain endothelial cell line bEnd.3 by measuring the electrical resistance values using(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Increased mortality after stroke is associated with brain edema formation and high plasma levels of the acute phase reactant C-reactive protein (CRP). The aim of this study was to examine whether CRP directly affects blood-brain barrier stability and to analyze the underlying signaling pathways. METHODS We used a cell coculture(More)
According to the "amyloid hypothesis", the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide is the toxic intermediate driving Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Recent evidence suggests that the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) transcytoses Aβ out of the brain across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). To provide genetic evidence for LRP1-mediated(More)
Increased mortality after stroke is associated with development of brain edema. The aim of the present study was to examine the contribution of endothelial myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation to hypoxia-induced blood-brain barrier (BBB) opening. Measurements of trans-endothelial electrical resistance (TEER) were performed to analyse BBB integrity in an(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) closely interacts with the neuronal parenchyma in vivo. To replicate this interdependence in vitro, we established a murine coculture model composed of brain endothelial cell (BEC) monolayers with cortical organotypic slice cultures. The morphology of cell types, expression of tight junctions, formation of reactive oxygen(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent trials have demonstrated benefit of prophylactic defibrillator (ICD) implantation compared to conventional treatment in high-risk patients. However, many patients have rare or no sustained arrhythmias following implantation. Our study addresses the question, whether patients with prophylactic defibrillator implantation have a lower risk(More)
Since the 80's the water jet scalpel is an established tool in some surgical fields. It is used in particular in visceral surgery for preparation of parenchymatous organs. By the addition of biocompatible abrasives, this technique is able to effectively machine hard biological tissues. Free defined cutting geometries can be realised in a non contact(More)
AIMS Endothelin-1 (ET-1) promotes endothelial cell growth. Endothelial cell proliferation involves the activation of Ca2+-activated K+ channels. In this study, we investigated whether Ca2+-activated K+ channels with big conductance (BK(Ca)) contribute to endothelial cell proliferation induced by ET-1. METHODS The patch-clamp technique was used to analyse(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) plays an important role in causing endothelial dysfunction and initiating atherosclerosis. Some of the endothelial functions have been shown to be modulated by changes in cellular electrophysiological properties. Therefore, we analysed the effect of oxLDL on endothelial Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels(More)
The role of the endothelial contractile apparatus in the process of brain edema formation after brain trauma is not characterized. Phosphorylation of myosin light chains by myosin light chain kinases (MLCK) activates endothelial contractile elements and results in a rearrangement of the cytoskeleton. This may enhance post-traumatic blood-brain barrier(More)