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When individuals reach very old age, accumulating negative conditions represent a serious challenge to their capacity to adapt and are likely to reduce the quality of life. By examining happiness and its determinants in centenarians, this study investigated the proposal that psychological resilience may come to an end in extremely old age. Data from the(More)
PURPOSE Given age-related health restrictions, the importance of the environment for life satisfaction may increase in later life. This study investigated whether objective and perceived physical and social environmental aspects of the home and of the surrounding neighborhood represent resources for or risks to life satisfaction among young-old and old-old(More)
In the present study, we investigated cognitive status, cognitive development and the effect of mortality on cognitive changes in very old age. Analyzing data from the population-based Heidelberg Centenarian Study, results revealed that centenarians differed quite strongly in their cognitive capacities. While about half of the population showed moderate to(More)
Ausgehend von der These, dass das Sportengagement mit zunehmendem Alter abnimmt, geht die vorliegende Studie der Frage nach, welche Faktoren zur Unterscheidung von kontinuierlichem und diskontinuierlichem Sportverhalten im mittleren und höheren Erwachsenenalter beitragen. In die Untersuchung gingen 436 Personen im Alter von etwa 44 und 64 Jahren ein, die zu(More)
In this systematic review the validity of the dose–response relationships between physical activity (PA) and energy expenditure (EE) on defined health outcomes (cardio- and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality, cancer) for the elderly is questioned. Medline, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases were reviewed for epidemiological longitudinal studies in(More)
Dieser Beitrag thematisiert zwei wichtige Aspekte der Hochaltrigkeitsforschung. Zunächst wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob die Unterschiede zwischen sehr alten Personen als Folge besonders lang andauernder Alternsprozesse in körperlichen, sozialen und psychologischen Funktionen zu betrachten sind, oder ob sie allein auf dem selektiven Überleben besonders(More)
PURPOSE Valuation of life (VOL) represents a construct capturing active attachment to life put forward by M. P. Lawton (e.g., 1999). As old and very old individuals may differ in terms of endorsement and with respect to what makes a life worth living, the present study investigated whether mean levels and the explanatory value of sociodemographic, social,(More)
This study aims to present the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Positive Valuation of Life Scale (Lawton et al. in J Aging Ment Healt 13:3–31, 2001). Sample included 207 community-dwelling elders (129 women; M Age = 77.2 years, SD = 7.5). The data collection included the translated and adapted Portuguese version of Positive Valuation(More)
With increasing age, older adults are more likely to be challenged by an increasing number of physical, functional and social losses. As a result, coping with losses becomes a central theme in very late life. This study investigated age differences and age changes in active behavioral, active cognitive and avoidance coping and related coping to adaptational(More)
Living a long life is desired by many individuals, and this dream is likely to become reality in more and more industrialized societies. During the past 3 decades, the number of very old individuals has increased significantly, creating a global demographic challenge with consequences at the individual, family, and societal levels. Yet, life in very old age(More)