Christoph R. Birkl

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Mechanics are increasingly recognized to play an important role in modulating brain form and function. Computational simulations are a powerful tool to predict the mechanical behavior of the human brain in health and disease. The success of these simulations depends critically on the underlying constitutive model and on the reliable identification of its(More)
PURPOSE Magnetic resonance relaxation times of most tissues are expected to depend on temperature, which can impact findings in postmortem magnetic resonance imaging or when using magnetic resonance imaging for relaxation-based thermometry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the exact temperature dependency of the relaxation times T(1), T(2), T(2)(More)
PURPOSE The assessment of iron content in brain white matter (WM) is of high importance for studying neurodegenerative diseases. While R2 * mapping and quantitative susceptibility mapping is suitable for iron mapping in gray matter, iron mapping in WM still remains an unsolved problem. We propose a new approach for iron mapping, independent of diamagnetic(More)
Post-mortem MRI of the brain is increasingly applied in neuroscience for a better understanding of the contrast mechanisms of disease induced tissue changes. However, the influence of chemical processes caused by formalin fixation and differences in temperature may hamper the comparability with results from in vivo MRI. In this study we investigated how(More)
Lithium ion batteries are promising for small offgrid energy storage applications in developing countries because of their high energy density and long life. However, costs are prohibitive. Instead, we consider “used” Li-ion batteries for this application, finding experimentally that many discarded laptop cells, for example, still have good capacity and(More)
PURPOSE Current MRI techniques cannot reliably assess iron content in white matter due to the confounding diamagnetic effect of myelin. The purpose of this study was to validate with histology a novel iron mapping technique that uses the temperature dependency of the paramagnetic susceptibility in multiple sclerosis (MS) brains, where white matter has been(More)
PURPOSE Formalin fixation prevents tissue autolysis by crosslinking proteins and changes tissue microstructure and MRI signal characteristics. Previous studies showed high variations in MR relaxation time constants of formalin fixed brain tissue, which has been attributed to the use of different formalin concentrations. Our investigations confirmed the(More)
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