Christoph Pfeifer

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Endotoxin (LPS) was quantitated in canine plasma using the Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) chromogenic testing procedure. The assay was validated for sensitivity (25 pg/ml), recovery (90-110%), intra-assay precision (CV = 5.5), interassay precision (CV = 10), and stability of diluted, heat-treated, frozen samples (greater than or equal to 60 days). Canine(More)
This study determines, in vivo, whether endogenous adenosine/A1 receptor interactions at juxtaglomerular cells restrain the release of renin induced by receptor-mediated activation of the adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate pathway and whether endogenous adenosine/A2 receptor interactions diminish this restraining response. The following four(More)
In the present study we used radiotelemetry technology to investigate: 1) the time course for development of hypertension in 2-kidney, 1-clip (2K1C) rats and 2) the effect of chronic caffeine consumption on blood pressure in 2K1C rats. Rats received water or caffeine (0.1%) in drinking water and were instrumented with radiotelemetry devices to permit(More)
Endogenous adenosine in the brain may inhibit central sympathetic tone and thereby restrain renin release, a mechanism that may be particularly important when sympathetic activity is enhanced. The purpose of our study was to test the hypothesis that the adenosine receptor antagonist caffeine increases renin release in part by disabling the central nervous(More)
Sodium retention along with peripheral vasodilation are features of prehepatic portal hypertension. In several models of experimental liver damage, sodium retention occurs only when hepatic function, measured by the aminopyrine breath test (ABT-k), falls below a critical threshold. The relationship between renal sodium handling, ABT-k and systemic and renal(More)
The metabolism and disposition of tritiated leukotriene C4, [3H]-LTC4, were studied in control dogs and endotoxin-treated dogs. Radioactivity was monitored in plasma, bile, and urine for 4.5 hr after an IV bolus of [3H]-LTC4. A decreased recovery of radioactivity in bile and urine was observed in the endotoxin-treated dogs. Cumulative [3H]-LTC4 metabolic(More)
Leukotriene (LT) metabolism and physiology have been studied extensively in mammals; however, little is known of their roles in nonmammalian vertebrates. This study examines the cardiovascular effects of leukotrienes on blood pressure and heart rate in the conscious and cannulated marine toad, Bufo marinus. The sulfidopeptide leukotrienes, LTC4, LTD4, and(More)
Hemorrhage is a cause of death in both combat and civilian injuries. The specific objectives of this research were: (1) to determine the pathophysiologic effects of combined injuries from sublethal amounts of an organophosphate (soman) along with hypovolemic shock, and (2) to determine the efficacy of atropine sulfate and pralidoxime (2-PAM) therapy for(More)
Tissue distribution, elimination, and metabolism of 3H-labelled leukotriene (LT) C4 were studied in ureter-catheterized conscious marine toads, Bufo marinus. Six and 24 h after injection, organs containing the highest percent of injected radioactivity were small intestine, liver, and kidney. Radioactivity declined in these organs at 24 h by approximately(More)