Christoph Lees

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Intrapartum electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) is widely used throughout the developed and developing world. This practice is based on the understanding that fetal heart rate (FHR) is sensitive to hypoxia. During labour, the fetus may be exposed to acute hypoxia during uterine contractions or intrapartum insults, and has well-established cardiovascular(More)
PURPOSE Understanding the natural length of human pregnancy is central to clinical care. However, variability in the reference methods to assign gestational age (GA) confound our understanding of pregnancy length. Assignation from ultrasound measurement of fetal crown-rump length (CRL) has superseded that based on last menstrual period (LMP). Our aim was to(More)
This study aimed to determine the incidence and clinical outcomes for varying patterns of placental histological inflammation (consistent with fetal or maternal inflammatory response) in an unselected population of >1000 women with a singleton pregnancy resulting in live birth delivering at or near term. One thousand one hundred nineteen cases were studied(More)
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