Christoph Kaun

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OBJECTIVES It is believed that adipose tissue acts as an endocrine organ by producing inflammatory mediators and thereby contributes to the increased cardiovascular risk seen in obesity. A link between adipose tissue mass and angiogenesis has been suggested. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) seems to be implicated in this process. Members of the(More)
The pleiotropic cytokine oncostatin M (OSM), a member of the glycoprotein (gp)130 ligand family, plays a key role in inflammation and cardiovascular disease. As inflammation precedes and accompanies pathological angiogenesis, we investigated the effect of OSM and other gp130 ligands on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production in human vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Beyond lipid lowering, various antiinflammatory properties have been ascribed to statins. Moreover, in vitro studies have suggested the presence of anticoagulant effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors, as lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced monocyte tissue factor (TF) was suppressed. In this study, we examined the role(More)
We have recently shown that resting human mast cells (MCs) produce tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) without simultaneously expressing plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1). In the present study we have identified the anaphylatoxin rhC5a as a potent inducer of PAI-1 expression in human MCs and basophils. In primary human skin MCs and primary(More)
The complement component C5a is formed during activation of the complement cascade and exerts chemotactic and proinflammatory effects. Macrophages, which are localized in the rupture-prone shoulder regions of coronary plaques, are thought to play a major role in plaque destabilization and rupture through the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs).(More)
The chemokine MCP-1 is thought to play a key role - among many other pathophysiological processes - in myocardial infarction. MCP-1 is not only a key attractant for monocytes and macrophages and as such responsible for inflammation but might also be directly involved in the modulation of repair processes in the heart. We show that cultured human cardiac(More)
Overweight and obesity in many countries have developed into a serious health problem by themselves and by their impact on other pathologies such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, heart disease and cancer. The modulation of these diseases by adipose tissue-derived biomolecules, so-called adipokines, could be the key to differentiate(More)
OBJECTIVE In murine and rat cardiac myocytes the gp130 system transduces survival as well as hypertrophic signals and via induction of the expression of the potent angiogenic factor VEGF in these cells also indirectly contributes to cardiac repair processes through the development of new blood vessels. There are, however, species differences in receptor(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite underlying pathologies leading to ICU admittance are heterogeneous, many patients develop a systemic inflammatory response syndrome often in the absence of microbial pathogens. Mitochondrial DNA that shows similarities to bacterial DNA may be released after tissue damage and activates the innate immune system by binding to toll-like(More)
BACKGROUND Adipose tissue is a prominent source of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), the primary physiological inhibitor of plasminogen activation. Increased PAI-1 expression acts as a cardiovascular risk factor, and plasma levels of PAI-1 strongly correlate with body mass index (BMI). Elevated serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), an inflammatory(More)