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BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is considered to be a chronic inflammatory disorder. Activation of the complement cascade is a major aspect of chronic inflammatory diseases. Complement components were identified in atherosclerotic plaques, and a correlation between adverse events and C5a plasma levels was found. These findings support the notion that complement(More)
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a recently described member of the IL-1 family of cytokines, which was identified as a ligand for the ST2 receptor. Components of the IL-33/ST2 system were shown to be expressed in normal and pressure overloaded human myocardium, and soluble ST2 (sST2) has emerged as a prognostic biomarker in myocardial infarction and heart(More)
OBJECTIVES It is believed that adipose tissue acts as an endocrine organ by producing inflammatory mediators and thereby contributes to the increased cardiovascular risk seen in obesity. A link between adipose tissue mass and angiogenesis has been suggested. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) seems to be implicated in this process. Members of the(More)
BACKGROUND The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of risk factors that are highly associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Increased serum levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-18 have been reported to be associated with CVD. Recently, IL-18 has been shown to be predictive for(More)
BACKGROUND Beyond lipid lowering, various antiinflammatory properties have been ascribed to statins. Moreover, in vitro studies have suggested the presence of anticoagulant effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors, as lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced monocyte tissue factor (TF) was suppressed. In this study, we examined the role(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial cell (EC) proliferation plays a key role in the process of tissue repair. Low-intensity laser irradiation has been demonstrated to accelerate wound healing and to improve microvascularization. OBJECTIVES The present study evaluated a possible stimulatory influence of low-intensity laser irradiation on human umbilical vein(More)
Accumulating evidence points towards a role for proteases and protease inhibitors in tissue remodelling and repair in a variety of organs. In particular-besides the matrix metalloprotease system-the plasminogen activator (PA)/plasmin system has been implicated in these processes in the heart. Urokinase type PA (u-PA) and PA inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) seem to(More)
Ultrasound of 2 MHz frequency and 1.2 W/cm(2) acoustic intensity was applied to examine the effect of sonication on recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA)-induced thrombolysis as well as on the distribution of plasminogen and t-PA within whole blood clots in vitro. Thrombolysis was evaluated quantitatively by measuring clot weight reduction(More)
The pleiotropic growth factor hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) has been implicated by clinical and experimental studies in repair mechanisms in different organs and tissues. However, no data on the impact of HGF/SF in wound healing in the skin are yet available. Proliferating and migrating keratinocytes play a major role in repair processes(More)
1. The results of several clinical studies investigating the effect of statin therapy on the fibrinolytic system in vivo are inconclusive. We compared the effect of six different statins (atorvastatin, cerivastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, pravastatin, simvastatin) on components of the fibrinolytic system expressed by human vascular endothelial cells and(More)