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The corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 1 (CRHR1) critically controls behavioral adaptation to stress and is causally linked to emotional disorders. Using neurochemical and genetic tools, we determined that CRHR1 is expressed in forebrain glutamatergic and γ-aminobutyric acid-containing (GABAergic) neurons as well as in midbrain dopaminergic neurons.(More)
We found that in mice the basal activity of monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is lower in BALB/C than in C57Bl/6J mice, whereas activity of MAO-A is similar between strains. BALB/C mice, in comparison to C57Bl/6N mice, have higher basal content of dopamine in the mPFC, in both microdialysates and tissue content. Novelty(More)
Persistent dreadful memories and hyperarousal constitute prominent psychopathological features of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Here, we used a contextual fear conditioning paradigm to demonstrate that conditional genetic deletion of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) receptor 1 within the limbic forebrain in mice significantly reduced remote,(More)
Vagal afferents signal gastric acid challenge to the nucleus tractus solitarii of the rat brainstem. This study investigated whether nucleus tractus solitarii neurons in the mouse also respond to gastric acid challenge and whether this chemonociceptive input is modified by neuropeptide Y acting via neuropeptide Y receptors of type Y2 or Y4. The gastric(More)
RATIONALE Regional-specific corticotropin-releasing factor receptor 1 (CRF-R1) knockout mice have been generated recently as a tool to dissociate CNS functions modulated by this receptor. In these mice, CRF-R1 function is postnatally inactivated in the anterior forebrain including limbic brain structures but not in the pituitary leading to normal activity(More)
Visceral pain represents a major clinical challenge in the management of many gastrointestinal disorders, eg, pancreatitis. However, cerebral neurobiological mechanisms underlying visceral nociception are poorly understood. As a representative model of visceral nociception, we applied cerulein hyperstimulation in C57BL6 mice to induce acute pancreatitis and(More)
There is strong evidence for a pivotal interaction of corticosteroid signalling and behavioral adaptation to stress. To further elucidate this relation, we monitored the dynamics of free corticosterone in the murine hippocampus of two inbred mouse strains using in vivo microdialysis. C57BL/6JOlaHsd (C57BL/6) and DBA/2OlaHsd (DBA/2) inbred mouse strains have(More)
Recent evidence suggests that the GABA transporter 1 (GAT-1; SLC6A1) plays a role in the pathophysiology and treatment of anxiety disorders. In order to understand the impact of genetic variation within SLC6A1 on pathological anxiety, we performed a case-control association study with anxiety disorder patients with and without syndromal panic attacks. Using(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that anxiety disorders have a strong genetic component, but so far only few susceptibility genes have been identified. There is preclinical and clinical evidence for a dysregulation of the central gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic tone in the pathophysiology of anxiety disorders. Diazepam binding inhibitor (DBI) has been(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of anxiety and mood disorders. This study was aimed to assess the anxiolytic and antidepressant-like properties of tiagabine, an inhibitor of the GABA transporter-1 (GAT-1), after acute and chronic administration in C57BL/6JOlaHsD mice with paroxetine as a positive control. In(More)