Christoph Heynen

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Exposure to GB virus C (GBV-C) was determined in several U.S. populations by both reverse-transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for antibodies to mammalian cell-expressed GBV-C envelope protein, E2 (GBV-C E2). Most individuals exposed to GBV-C were either RNA positive/ELISA negative or ELISA(More)
Two flavivirus-like genomes have recently been cloned from infectious tamarin (Saguinus labiatus) serum, derived from the human viral hepatitis GB strain, which is known to induce hepatitis in tamarins. In order to study the natural history of GB infections, further transmission studies were carried out in tamarins. Reverse-transcription-polymerase chain(More)
The effects of various cytokines were examined in an in vitro model of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection of human peripheral blood monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). Monocytes were obtained from blood of normal donors by Ficoll/hypaque gradient centrifugation and adherence. These cells were allowed to mature in the presence of varying(More)
In this study, we compared three human isolates (F5380, Scott A, and Murray B) and one laboratory strain (EGD) of Listeria monocytogenes for their resistance to ingestion and killing by human neutrophils. We observed no substantial difference in killing among these strains when they were grown at 37 degrees C. Because it is likely that listerial growth(More)
Serum and plasma samples were collected from blood donors who were confirmed positive for antibodies to HIV-1 in the United States, and from blood donors and individuals in West Africa and Portugal who were positive for antibodies to HIV-1, HIV-2, or both. Western blots and sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE)(More)
Viral characterization studies were carried out on GB virus C (GBV-C) RNA positive plasma from normal human donors and from donors co-infected with GBV-C and hepatitis C virus (HCV). GBV-C RNA was detected by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and probe hybridization in a single tube assay. Sequential filtration of GBV-C positive(More)
We surveyed for serologic evidence of either HIV-1 or HTLV-I/II infection in 387 male veterans who entered into an inpatient drug treatment center. Serum was obtained after receiving written informed consent. Serum specimens were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for antibody to HIV-1 and for antibody to HTLV-I/II; sera that were repeatedly(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) may be an important cause of chronic liver disease in renal transplant recipients. We investigated retrospectively the incidence and outcome of HCV infection in long-term renal transplant recipients and patients on hemodialysis. Stored, pretransplant sera of transplant recipients with normal liver biochemistry at surgery were(More)
A 315 amino acid recombinant segment of the GB virus C (GBV-C) E2 envelope glycoprotein (E2-315) was expressed and secreted from CHO cells. E2-315 was purified by affinity chromatography using a monoclonal antibody directed to a FLAG sequence genetically engineered onto the C terminus of the recombinant protein. The secreted protein had a molecular mass of(More)