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Tonic immobility in chickens was influenced by a variety of drugs that act on the adrenergic neurochemical system of the body. Alpha 1 agonists such as methoxamine and phenylephrine produced decreases in the duration of immobility, although the former compound also caused a significant increase in the immobility response at high dosages. Alpha 2 agonists(More)
Bacillus sphaericus JG-A12 is a natural isolate recovered from a uranium mining waste pile near the town of Johanngeorgenstadt in Saxony, Germany. The cells of this strain are enveloped by a highly ordered crystalline proteinaceous surface layer (S-layer) possessing an ability to bind uranium and other heavy metals. Purified and recrystallized S-layer(More)
Curiosity and general activity characteristics in different squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) phenotypes were assessed. Ten infant squirrel monkeys, representing 2 subspecies (Bolivian and Colombian) and both genders, were observed on 4 testing sessions during which novel and familiar objects were presented to each subject. No consistent object-contact(More)
Lung cancer is a major health problem, with over 38,000 new cases expected every year in West Germany. A more complete understanding of the biology of lung cancer will hopefully lead to therapeutic modalities. The possible autocrine growth regulation in small-cell lung cancer and non-small-cell lung cancer has been demonstrated for bombesin/GRP,(More)
A series of five experiments examined the effects of two anticholinergic drugs, atropine and scopolamine, on the duration of tonic immobility (TI) and susceptibility to the TI response in both Production Red and White Leghorn chickens (Gallus gallus), in an attempt to resolve previous contradictory findings about the effects of cholinergic manipulations on(More)
At the near-neutral and reducing aquatic conditions expected in undisturbed ore deposits or in closed nuclear waste repositories, the actinides Th, U, Np, and Pu are primarily tetravalent. These tetravalent actinides (AnIV) are sparingly soluble in aquatic systems and, hence, are often assumed to be immobile. However, AnIV could become mobile if they occur(More)
Low doses of serotonin potentiated immobility durations in 2 1/2-week-old chickens (Gallus gallus) while high doses attenuated the response. Cyproheptadine, a serotonergic antagonist, eliminated increases generated by low doses of serotonin and reduced durations in control subjects, but had no effect on the attenuation produced by high doses of the drug.(More)
The effects of low and high doses of serotonin on tonic immobility (TI) duration and susceptibility in 10- and 45-day-old chickens were examined. High doses of serotonin reduced the number of inductions required to produce TI, regardless of the subject's age. In contrast, low and high doses of serotonin produced biphasic increases and decreases in TI(More)
Groups of young chickens were injected with various dosages of several alpha-adrenergic antagonists and tested for the effects of these drugs on tonic immobility. Yohimbine, a very potent alpha2 antagonist, produced a significant decrease in the duration of tonic immobility at doses of 1 mg/kg, while prazosin, a potent alpha1 antagonist, had no apparent(More)