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Our knowledge of longer term outcome in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNESs) patients is limited; we know less still about factors predicting prognosis. This study was intended to describe outcome in a large cohort and to identify predictive clinical and psychological factors to generate new ideas for treatment. One hundred sixty-four adult patients(More)
Myotonic dystrophy types 1 and 2 are progressive multisystemic disorders with potential brain involvement. We compared 22 myotonic dystrophy type 1 and 22 myotonic dystrophy type 2 clinically and neuropsychologically well-characterized patients and a corresponding healthy control group using structural brain magnetic resonance imaging at 3 T(More)
OBJECTIVE Antibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) have been described in a few patients with temporal lobe epilepsies consistent with limbic encephalitis (LE). We studied a cohort of patients with recent-onset temporal lobe epilepsy caused by LE to test for GAD antibody positivity and response to immunotherapies. METHODS Over a period of 3.75(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate response rate, response duration, overall survival (OS), and toxicity in primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) after systemic and intraventricular chemotherapy with deferred radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS From September 1995 to July 2001, 65 consecutive patients with PCNSL (median age, 62 years) were enrolled onto a pilot and phase II study(More)
Previous studies have shown that left temporal lobectomy for intractable epilepsy can lead to verbal memory deficits. However, patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy (LTLE) frequently have impaired verbal memory preoperatively. The present analysis of 144 patients who underwent temporal lobe resections for either left (n = 68) or right (n = 76) temporal(More)
Depression is a frequent psychiatric symptom in epilepsy and has been related to epilepsy of temporal origin, especially of left-sided foci. No study differentiated the precise localization of the epileptogenic lesion within the temporal lobe. Regarding this issue, we evaluated depression assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory in 60 patients with(More)
Cognitive profiles in epilepsy are as heterogenous as the epileptic syndromes themselves; causes, topography of epileptogenic areas, pathogenetic mechanisms, and the diverse features characterising the clinical course all contribute to the effect on cognition. Chronic epilepsy generally impairs cognition, but it also induces processes of functional(More)
PURPOSE In a previous study we reported clinically significant memory declines 3 months after selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH) in 140 patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, particularly if the resection was left-sided. We supposed that the observed postoperative impairments might have reflected acute effects of surgery. Therefore we evaluated(More)
A subtype-specific impairment of cognitive functions in spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) patients is still debated. Thirty-two SCA patients (SCA1, 6; SC2, 3; SCA3, 15; SCA6, 8) and 14 matched healthy controls underwent neuropsychological evaluation testing attention, executive functions, episodic and semantic memory, and motor coordination. Severity of ataxia(More)
We evaluated in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and healthy volunteers whether list-learning tests of episodic verbal/figural memory and subjective self-reports reliably indicate "Memory in Reality" (MIR). MIR was assessed by the incidental memory of the neuropsychological test event one week after testing. Subjective Memory was assessed by a(More)