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Cognitive profiles in epilepsy are as heterogenous as the epileptic syndromes themselves; causes, topography of epileptogenic areas, pathogenetic mechanisms, and the diverse features characterising the clinical course all contribute to the effect on cognition. Chronic epilepsy generally impairs cognition, but it also induces processes of functional(More)
Previous studies have shown that left temporal lobectomy for intractable epilepsy can lead to verbal memory deficits. However, patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy (LTLE) frequently have impaired verbal memory preoperatively. The present analysis of 144 patients who underwent temporal lobe resections for either left (n = 68) or right (n = 76) temporal(More)
Our knowledge of longer term outcome in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNESs) patients is limited; we know less still about factors predicting prognosis. This study was intended to describe outcome in a large cohort and to identify predictive clinical and psychological factors to generate new ideas for treatment. One hundred sixty-four adult patients(More)
It remains unclear whether uncontrolled epilepsy causes mental decline. This longitudinal study contrasts change of memory and nonmemory functions in 147 surgically and 102 medically treated patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. All participants were evaluated at baseline (T1) and after 2 to 10 years (T3). Surgical patients underwent additional testing 1(More)
Animal experiments and lesion studies have shown the importance of temporal lobe structures for language and memory. We recorded intracranial cognitive potentials from the human lateral and medial temporal lobe in 26 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy undergoing presurgical evaluation, using a word- and a picture-recognition paradigm. Neuropsychological(More)
Myotonic dystrophy types 1 and 2 are progressive multisystemic disorders with potential brain involvement. We compared 22 myotonic dystrophy type 1 and 22 myotonic dystrophy type 2 clinically and neuropsychologically well-characterized patients and a corresponding healthy control group using structural brain magnetic resonance imaging at 3 T(More)
A wealth of animal and human research has pointed to a significant involvement of the temporal lobes in memory processing, and yet the different functional roles of temporal cortical vs. mesial structures remain unclear. We studied verbal declarative memory, by using a word list paradigm that differentiates among learning (immediate recall), memory (delayed(More)
Memory is systematically affected by temporal lobe epilepsy. Since surgery is a promising alternative to pharmacological treatment the questions which memory system is affected and what the long-term prognosis of memory is are more relevant than ever. We address these issues by cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of memory performance in large series(More)
Neuropsychological evaluation of a patient's cognitive capabilities before and after epilepsy surgery is essential in elective epilepsy surgery. On the one hand, neuropsychology provides accessory information regarding the localization and lateralization of epilepsy-associated cognitive impairment; on the other hand, it is a useful tool for quality and(More)
Activity-dependent plasticity is a fundamental feature of most CNS synapses and is thought to be a synaptic correlate of memory in rodents. In humans, NMDA receptors have been linked to verbal memory processes, but it is unclear whether NMDA receptor-dependent synaptic plasticity can be recruited for information storage in the human CNS. Here we have for(More)