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Langerhans cells (LCs) are prominent dendritic cells (DCs) in epithelia, but their role in immunity is poorly defined. To track and discriminate LCs from dermal DCs in vivo, we developed knockin mice expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) under the control of the langerin (CD207) gene. By using vital imaging, we showed that most EGFP(+) LCs(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) efficiently cross-present exogenous antigen on MHC class I molecules to CD8+ T cells. However, little is known about cross-presentation by Langerhans cells (LC), the DCs of the epidermis. Therefore, we investigated this issue in detail. Isolated murine LCs were able to cross-present soluble ovalbumin protein on MHC-class I molecules to(More)
Langerhans cells, a subset of skin dendritic cells in the epidermis, survey peripheral tissue for invading pathogens. In recent functional studies it was proven that Langerhans cells can present exogenous antigen not merely on major histocompatibility complexes (MHC)-class II molecules to CD4+ T cells, but also on MHC-class I molecules to CD8+ T cells.(More)
Dendritic cells cells induce immunity or-in the steady state-maintain peripheral tolerance. Little is known in that regard about Langerhans cells. Therefore, we investigated migrating Langerhans cells in the steady-state versus inflammation. Increased numbers of Langerhans cells, as determined by immunostaining for Langerin/CD207, appeared in the lymph(More)
New experimental models and methods have rendered the field of Langerhans cells very lively. An interesting and productive scientific debate as to the functions of Langerhans cells in vivo is currently going on. We have not yet reached the point where the "pros" would weigh out the "cons", or vice versa. There is good evidence for a lack of Langerhans cell(More)
Langerin/CD207 is a C-type lectin associated with formation of Birbeck granules (BG) in Langerhans cells (LC). Here, we describe a monoclonal antibody (mAb 205C1) recognizing the extracellular domain of mouse langerin. Cell-surface langerin was detected in all epidermal LC, which presented a uniform phenotype. Two subpopulations of langerin+ cells were(More)
Little is known about the immigration of bone marrow-derived progenitors of Langerhans cells (LC) into the epidermis. We developed an in vivo system based on the tape stripping method that allowed us to study the immigration of LC into the epidermis after intradermal injection of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DC). Tape stripping induced a mechanical(More)
SEW2871 is a potent sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor type-1 (S1P(1))-selective agonist that induces peripheral lymphopenia through sequestration of lymphocytes into secondary lymphoid organs, similar to the non-selective sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor agonist FTY720. FTY720 has been reported to interfere with human dendritic cell (DC) effector(More)
A role for Langerhans cells (LC) in the induction of immune responses in the skin has yet to be conclusively demonstrated. We used skin immunization with OVA protein to induce immune responses against OVA-expressing melanoma cells. Mice injected with OVA-specific CD8(+) T cells and immunized with OVA onto barrier-disrupted skin had increased numbers of(More)