Christoph Greiner

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Juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma (JPOF) is a benign fibroosseous lesion predominantly arising within the paranasal sinuses in children and young adults. Neurocranial occurrence is exceedingly rare and a location within the neurocranial portion of the temporal bone has not been described. The authors report on one case of sinonasal JPOF secondarily(More)
Nimodipine and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) were tested (alone and in combination) regarding their ability to increase hypoxic tolerance of brain slices under 'hypoxic' (deprivation of oxygen) or 'ischemic' (hypoxia+withdrawal of glucose) conditions. Direct current (DC) and evoked potentials were recorded in the CA1 region of hippocampal slices of adult guinea(More)
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), which is widely used as a solvent for a variety of drugs, was used in the present study to investigate its ability to increase the hypoxic tolerance of brain tissue in vitro. DC-potentials and evoked potentials (EP, Schaffer collateral stimulation) were recorded in the CA1 region of hippocampal slices from adult guinea pigs. The(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is frequently accompanied by a systemic inflammatory response secondary to multiple trauma, shock, or infections. This study investigated the impact of sustained systemic inflammation on cerebral hemodynamics and metabolism in ovine traumatic brain injury. Fifteen sheep were investigated for 14 hours. Head injury was induced(More)
Nimodipine and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) have been shown to affect electrophysiological responses in rodent brain tissue in an vitro model of hypoxia. In the present study, the same agents were now examined for their effects on human neocortical brain slices under repeated hypoxic conditions. DMSO (0.4%), with and without addition of nimodipine (40(More)
An in vitro hippocampal (CA 1 region, guinea pig) slice technique using repeated hypoxia was employed to model electrophysiological changes (DC-potentials and evoked potentials (EP) by stimulation of Schaffer-collaterals) occurring in the hypoxic CA1 pyramidal layer. A standardized neuronal response under repeated hypoxic conditions was observed in this(More)
The so-called terminal negativity (TN) of the DC-potential is a characteristic reaction of neuronal tissue to hypoxia or ischemia. In a previous study on human neocortical slices, two types of TN with flat and steep slopes of rise (< or >10 mV/min) were found with hypoxia. The aim of the present study was to further investigate causes underlying the(More)
An in vitro human neocortical and rodent hippocampus brain slice technique was used under repeated hypoxia to investigate the cerebroprotective effect of hypothermia. As a hallmark of the neuronal hypoxic reaction anoxic terminal negativity (ATN) was registered to test whether hypothermia delays the onset of ATN. The experiments clearly confirm an assumed(More)
High intracranial pressure (ICP) is the most frequent cause of death and disability after severe traumatic brain injury and malignant cerebral infarction. After failure of general therapeutic maneuvers and first line therapies, "second tier" therapies have to be considered. Decompressive craniectomy is an advanced treatment option for controlling(More)
The barbiturate methohexital (42 and 140 micromol/l) was tested for an acute effect on anoxic depolarization (AD) and evoked potentials (EP) in hippocampal slices of guinea pigs exposed to repeated hypoxic conditions (n = 78). The dosages of methohexital resemble the range of plasma levels measured in patients with an intraoperative burst suppression(More)