Christoph Gerle

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Photosystem II core dimers (450 kDa) and monomers (230 kDa) consisting of CP47, CP43, the D1 and D2 proteins, the extrinsic 33-kDa subunit, and the low molecular weight polypeptides PsbE, PsbF, PsbH, PsbI, PsbK, PsbL, PsbTc, and PsbW were isolated by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. The photosystem II core dimers were treated with phospholipase A2(More)
Here we report the first three-dimensional structure of a higher plant photosystem II core dimer determined by electron crystallography at a resolution sufficient to assign the organization of its transmembrane helices. The locations of 34 transmembrane helices in each half of the dimer have been deduced, 22 of which are assigned to the major subunits D1(More)
One of the major methodological challenges in single particle electron microscopy is obtaining initial reconstructions which represent the structural heterogeneity of the dataset. Random Conical Tilt and Orthogonal Tilt Reconstruction techniques in combination with 3D alignment and classification can be used to obtain initial low-resolution reconstructions(More)
We developed a method, named GraDeR, which substantially improves the preparation of membrane protein complexes for structure determination by single-particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM). In GraDeR, glycerol gradient centrifugation is used for the mild removal of free detergent monomers and micelles from lauryl maltose-neopentyl glycol detergent(More)
V-ATPases are multisubunit, membrane-bound, energy-converting, cellular machines whose assembly and disassembly is innately connected to their activity in vivo. In vitro V-ATPases show a propensity for disassembly that greatly complicates their functional, and, in particular, structural characterization. Direct structural evidence for early stages of their(More)
We have used a combination of electron cryo-tomography, subtomogram averaging, and electron crystallographic image processing to analyse the structure of intact bovine F(1)F(o) ATP synthase in 2D membrane crystals. ATPase assays and mass spectrometry analysis of the 2D crystals confirmed that the enzyme complex was complete and active. The structure of the(More)
ATP synthesis by V-ATPase from the thermophilic bacterium Thermus thermophilus driven by the acid-base transition was investigated. The rate of ATP synthesis increased in parallel with the increase in proton motive force (PMF) >110 mV, which is composed of a difference in proton concentration (DeltapH) and the electrical potential differences (DeltaPsi)(More)
The mitochondrial permeability transition is an inner mitochondrial membrane event involving the opening of the permeability transition pore concomitant with a sudden efflux of matrix solutes and breakdown of membrane potential. The mitochondrial F(o)F(1) ATP synthase has been proposed as the molecular identity of the permeability transition pore. The(More)
Bovine heart NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I), which is the largest (about 1 MDa) membrane protein complex in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, catalyzes the electron transfer from NADH to ubiquinone, coupled with proton pumping. We have crystallized bovine complex I in reconstituted lipid bilayers and obtained a three-dimensional density map(More)
Mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase utilizes electrons provided by cytochrome c for the active vectorial transport of protons across the inner mitochondrial membrane through the reduction of molecular oxygen to water. Direct structural evidence on the transient cytochrome c oxidase-cytochrome c complex thus far, however, remains elusive and its physiological(More)