Christoph Frohn

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Natural killer (NK) cells are assumed to contribute to a graft-versus-leukaemia effect. In vitro experiments have shown that many leukaemic cells are NK-cell sensitive. Nevertheless, no data concerning the influence of purified NK cells on malignant myeloma (MM) cells exist. We co-incubated NK cells with three different MM cell lines and fresh bone marrow(More)
Natural killer (NK) lymphocytes can be used for adoptive immunotherapeutic strategies. Alternatively, they may be employed as adjuvants for stem cell/bone marrow transplantation, either to re-induce remission, or to purge autografts of contaminating malignant cells. We developed a new protocol that enables the generation of NK cells on a clinical scale in a(More)
Since the introduction of hematopoietic growth factors, the collection of mobilized stem cells via leukapheresis has widely replaced the harvest of bone marrow in both autologous and allogeneic transplantation settings. We investigated the frequency and the extent of anticoagulant-induced electrolyte changes and the cell-separation-related loss of(More)
We describe a flow cytometric method using a newly designed product, fluorochrome-containing microspheres (Flow Count fluorospheres), which facilitates the precise quantification of cells in whole blood samples or heterogeneous cell suspensions on a single-cell level. These microparticles are easily distinguishable from other events of interest and can be(More)
BACKGROUND In some situations, the administration of D+ RBCs to D- patients is necessary. The probability of a subsequent anti-D formation is assumed to be around 80 percent, a figure based primarily on studies in healthy volunteers. It was hypothesized that patients requiring blood transfusion have a much lower probability of developing antibodies. STUDY(More)
The peptide hormone prolactin (PRL) is produced by specialized cells in the anterior pituitary gland and in a number of sites outside the pituitary. Its biological actions consist of various roles in reproduction, lactation, and of a number of homeostatic biological activities that also include immune functions. Elevated serum PRL concentrations often(More)
Flow-cytometry based assays for cellular cytotoxicity have established themselves widely over the last years. Discrimination of target and effector cells is critical for such assays. If scatter properties are not informative, the standard approach until now has been to label the target cells with a suitable fluorescent dye. However, this cannot be applied(More)
A number of recent studies have demonstrated the importance of prolactin as a key mediator in immune-neuroendocrine communication. Using a whole blood assay and various concentrations of prolactin, we stimulated cell cultures with either the plant lectin PHA or the endotoxin LPS, a widespread agent in common infectious diseases. Studying 15 healthy blood(More)
Over the last few years, natural killer (NK) cells have been shown to express MHC molecule recognizing receptors which are thought to function primarily as negative signaling receptors. HLA-Cw seems to play a key role as the corresponding ligand. Two distinct HLA-Cw groups which differ in amino acid residues 77 and 80 inhibit separate subsets of NK cells.(More)