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We have generated a database of expression profiles carrying the transcriptional responses of the model organism Bacillus subtilis following treatment with 37 well-characterized antibacterial compounds of different classes. The database was used to build a predictor for the assignment of the mechanisms of action (MoAs) of antibacterial compounds by the use… (More)
Despite year-to-year increases in R & D budgets, the number of successful NCEs (new chemical entities) has continued to decline. Drug companies are looking into new ways to make research processes more efficient, to manage information better, and to improve collaboration among research groups. This shift from an artisan approach to an organized, streamlined… (More)
We deleted a subset of 27 open reading frames (ORFs) from Escherichia coli which encode previously uncharacterized, probably soluble gene products homologous to proteins from a broad spectrum of bacterial pathogens such as Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Enterococcus faecalis and only distantly related to… (More)
We present a new strategy for predicting novel antibiotic mechanisms of action based on the analysis of whole-genome microarray data. We first built up a reference compendium of Bacillus subtilis expression profiles induced by 14 different antibiotics. This data set was expanded by adding expression profiles from mutants that showed downregulation of genes… (More)
PURPOSE Post-contrast enhancement characteristics (PEC) are a major criterion for differential diagnosis in MR mammography (MRM). Manual placement of regions of interest (ROIs) to obtain time/signal intensity curves (TSIC) is the standard approach to assess dynamic enhancement data. Computers can automatically calculate the TSIC in every lesion voxel and… (More)
A conditional expression system has been developed using the isopropyl-beta-d-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG)-inducible Pspac promoter to validate essential genes of Staphylococcus aureus in vivo. The system has been applied to prove the essentiality of ligA and to evaluate the function of tarI, which was found to be essential in vitro but not in vivo.