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Predicting biodiversity change and averting collapse in agricultural landscapes
This work directly test biogeographic theories for countryside and island ecosystems by comparing a Neotropical countryside ecosystem with a nearby island ecosystem, and shows that each supports similar bat biodiversity in fundamentally different ways. Expand
An Amazonian rainforest and its fragments as a laboratory of global change
Findings are synthesized from one of the world's largest and longest‐running experimental investigations, the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project, which focuses more broadly on landscape dynamics, forest regeneration, regional‐ and global‐change phenomena, and their potential interactions and implications for Amazonian forest conservation. Expand
Ecological correlates of vulnerability to fragmentation in Neotropical bats
Summary 1. In the face of widespread human-induced habitat fragmentation, identification of those ecological characteristics that render some species more vulnerable to fragmentation than others isExpand
Assemblage‐level responses of phyllostomid bats to tropical forest fragmentation: land‐bridge islands as a model system
Aim Working within a system of high structural contrast between fragments and the surrounding matrix, we assessed patterns of species loss and changes in species composition of phyllostomid bats onExpand
Effects of tropical forest fragmentation on aerial insectivorous bats in a land-bridge island system.
It is suggested that small forest remnants are of considerable conservation value as many aerial insectivores intensively use them and high conservation priority should be given to retain or re-establish a high degree of forest integrity and low levels of isolation. Expand
Responses of Tropical Bats to Habitat Fragmentation, Logging, and Deforestation
This chapter reviews the responses of tropical bats to a range of land-use change scenarios, focusing on the effects of habitat fragmentation, logging, and conversion of tropical forest to various forms of agricultural production. Expand
Bat assemblages on Neotropical land‐bridge islands: nested subsets and null model analyses of species co‐occurrence patterns
Bat assemblages on the authors' study islands are most strongly shaped by isolation effects and species' differential movement and colonization ability, suggesting that even in systems with high fragment-matrix contrast, a purely area-based approach may be inadequate, and structural and functional connectivity among patches are important to consider in reserve planning. Expand
Differential mobility in two small phyllostomid bats,Artibeus watsoni andMicronycteris microtis, in a fragmented neotropical landscape
It is indicated that small habitat patches are still used by small bats, provided the degree of isolation is low and that sufficient resources and larger habitat patches exist in close vicinity, potentially acting as additional feeding grounds and source populations. Expand
Small-Scale Fragmentation Effects on Local Genetic Diversity in Two Phyllostomid Bats with Different Dispersal Abilities in Panama
The results suggest that some Neotropical bat species are prone to loss of genetic variation in response to anthropogenic small-scale habitat fragmentation, and point toward mobility as a good predictor of a species' vulnerability to fragmentation and altered population genetic structure. Expand
Trait‐related responses to habitat fragmentation in Amazonian bats
Mobility, body mass, wing morphology, and trophic level were the most important traits linked to fragmentation sensitivity based on the PGLS analysis, while body mass and troPHic level emerged as the best predictors in the fourth-corner analysis. Expand