Christoph Dehnert

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RATIONALE High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is characterized by excessive pulmonary vasoconstriction and is associated with decreased concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) in the lung. OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that individuals susceptible to HAPE (HAPE-S) would also have dysfunction of the vascular NO vasodilator pathway during hypoxia in the systemic(More)
BACKGROUND High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is caused by exaggerated hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction associated with decreased bioavailability of nitric oxide in the lungs and by impaired reabsorption of alveolar fluid. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether dexamethasone or tadalafil reduces the incidence of HAPE and acute mountain sickness (AMS) in(More)
Vasogenic edema in the corpus callosum is a characteristic finding in high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE). Furthermore, microhemorrhages have been found at autopsies in brains of HACE victims. The objective of this study was to determine if microhemorrhages also occur in nonlethal HACE. Consequently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in(More)
The purpose of our study was to evaluate hematologic acclimatization during 2 weeks of intensive normoxic training with regeneration at moderate altitude (living high-training low, LHTL) and its effects on sea-level performance in well trained athletes compared to another group of equally trained athletes under control conditions (living low - training low,(More)
The aim of the present study was to better understand previously reported changes in lung function at high altitude. Comprehensive pulmonary function testing utilising body plethysmography and assessment of changes in closing volume were carried out at sea level and repeatedly over 2 days at high altitude (4,559 m) in 34 mountaineers. In subjects without(More)
INTRODUCTION Repeated short-term exposures to a severe degree of hypoxia, alternated with similar intervals of normoxia, are recommended for performance enhancement in sports. However, scientific evidence for the efficiency of this method is controversial with regard to anaerobic performance. Therefore, we conducted a randomized, double-blind,(More)
PURPOSE The absence (deletion allele [D]) of a 287 base-pair fragment in the ACE gene is associated with higher ACE tissue activity than its presence (insertion allele [I]) and, as such, may enhance vasoconstriction and fluid retention through increased levels of angiotensin II and aldosterone. Because fluid retention is found in acute mountain sickness(More)
Dyspnea and exercise limitation are common in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Recently, a reduction in inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength has been observed in IPAH. However, it has not been investigated whether this respiratory muscle weakness might be part of a general muscle dysfunction as observed in congestive(More)
High altitude (HA)-induced pulmonary hypertension may be due to a free radical-mediated reduction in pulmonary nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. We hypothesised that the increase in pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) at HA would be associated with a net transpulmonary output of free radicals and corresponding loss of bioactive NO metabolites.(More)
Living high-training low (LHTL), living at high altitude and training at sea level, is reported to be beneficial in enhancing physical performance. Effect of LHTL on cardiac function which is one of major determinants in performance, however, was not examined. To address this issue, 21 well-trained triathletes divided into control (n = 10, living and(More)