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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether head-perineum distance (HPD) measured by transperineal ultrasound is predictive of vaginal delivery and time remaining in labor in nulliparous women with prolonged first stage of labor and to compare the predictive value with that of angle of progression (AoP). METHODS This was a prospective observational study at(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide high resolution array analysis is becoming established as a diagnostic test in the investigation of individuals with learning disability and congenital anomalies; many novel microdeletion and microduplication syndromes have already been identified. The diagnostic use of high resolution array genomic hybridisation analysis for prenatal(More)
AIMS AND METHODS To determine obstetrical and neonatal outcomes in referrals of apparently isolated mild ventriculomegaly following routine ultrasound scan, over the period 2001-2003. Specialist ultrasound and other investigations were performed. Neonatal examination and postnatal ultrasound findings were collected and local neurodevelopmental follow-up was(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide individualized risk prediction of severe adverse pregnancy outcome based on uterine artery Doppler screening at 23 weeks. METHODS Color Doppler assessment of the uterine arteries was carried out in 5121 women attending for routine care at 23 weeks in two inner-city obstetric units. The mean uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) was(More)
OBJECTIVES Following perinatal death, organ weights at autopsy may provide evidence of growth restriction and pulmonary hypoplasia. Whilst postmortem magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may provide comparable information to autopsy about structural abnormalities, its ability to provide reproducible data about organ size has yet to be determined. We examined(More)
OBJECTIVES Postmortem magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be an alternative to conventional autopsy. However, it is unclear how confident radiologists are in reporting such studies. We sought to determine the confidence with which radiologists report on various fetal organs by developing a scale to express their confidence of normality and abnormality, and(More)
BACKGROUND In trichorionic pregnancies, fetal reduction from three to two lowers the risk of severe preterm delivery, but provides no advantage in survival. Similar data for dichorionic triamniotic (DCTA) triplets is not readily available. OBJECTIVES To document the natural history of DCTA triplets and the effect of reduction on the risk of miscarriage(More)
In pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia (PET) and/or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) there is an increased number of fetal cells in the maternal circulation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this increase in fetal cells precedes the onset of these pregnancy complications. Doppler ultrasound studies at 24 weeks gestation have shown(More)
OBJECTIVES Progress of labor has hitherto been assessed by digital vaginal examination (VE). We introduce the concept of a non-intrusive ultrasound (US)-based assessment of labor progress (the 'sonopartogram') and investigate its feasibility for assessing cervical dilatation and fetal head descent and rotation. METHODS This was a prospective study(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare ultrasound fetal size at high altitude and sea level. METHODS Three hundred and thirty-four women in Cerro de Pasco at 4300 m (14,100 ft) altitude and 278 women in Lima (sea level) were recruited to the study. Ultrasound fetal biometry was carried out between 14 and 42 weeks of gestation. Biparietal(More)