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Several lines of evidence suggest that low-rate repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the motor cortex at 1 Hz reduces the excitability of the motor cortex and produces metabolic changes under and at a distance from the stimulated side. Therefore, it has been suggested that rTMS may have beneficial effects on motor performance in patients(More)
To identify overall and site-specific nosocomial infection (NI) rates in patients receiving neurological intensive care therapy, a prospective study was started in 1997 in the ten-bed neurological intensive-care unit (NICU) of the University Hospital of Freiburg, Germany. Case records and microbiology reports were reviewed twice a week, and ward staff were(More)
A procedure is proposed to obtain confidence regions for spectral peak frequencies. The method is based on resampling the penodogram from the estimated spectrum in order to reestimate the spectrum and its peak frequency. We investigate the dependence of the results from the applied spectral estimator in three simulation studies and apply the method to(More)
We describe a patient with a combination of dystonic and parkinsonian signs. Paraclinical studies revealed a mutation in the GTP cyclohydrolase I gene (GCH1) and a decrease in [123I]-N-omega-fluoropropyl-2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-iodophenyl) nortropane (123I-FP-CIT) binding ratios indicative of Parkinson's disease. We conclude that the patient probably(More)
Vertebral artery dissection may cause upper limb peripheral motor deficit. We report three young patients presenting with nuchal pain followed by a nearly painless proximal paresis of the arm several days later. The cause, as detected by colour-coded Duplex sonography and MRI, was an extracranial dissection of the vertebral artery. The proximity of the(More)
Two patients with 'benign' congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) have been observed for several years. Symptoms and signs of central nervous system (CNS) disease occurred at the age of 7 and 16 years, respectively. CNS involvement in CMD may be more common than generally recognized, slowly progressive and delayed in onset. The combination of congenital(More)
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