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Solution-processed bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices have gained serious attention during the last few years and are established as one of the leading next generation photovoltaic technologies for low cost power production. This article reviews the OPV development highlights of the last two decades, and summarizes the key milestones(More)
Two criteria for processing additives introduced to control the morphology of bulk heterojunction (BHJ) materials for use in solar cells have been identified: (i) selective (differential) solubility of the fullerene component and (ii) higher boiling point than the host solvent. Using these criteria, we have investigated the class of 1,8-di(R)octanes with(More)
Recently, researchers have paid a great deal of attention to the research and development of organic solar cells, leading to a breakthrough of over 10% power conversion efficiency. Though impressive, further development is required to ensure a bright industrial future for organic photovoltaics. Relatively narrow spectral overlap of organic polymer(More)
A new 2D-conjugated small molecule with alkylthio-thienyl-conjugated side chains (BDTT-S-TR) is synthesized for application as a donor material in organic solar cells (OSCs). The OSCs based on BDTT-S-TR/PC70 BM demonstrate a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.20% without extra treatment. Moreover, an encouraging PCE of 6.68% is achieved from the device(More)
Experimental LEDs were fabricated in the following manner. Indium tin oxide (ITO) sub-strates were cleaned by ultrasonication in detergent, acetone, and isopropanol. Cleaning was followed by a 5 min oxygen plasma etch at 100 W at 300 Torr of oxygen. After etching, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT, Baytron P8000 from Bayer) was spin-cast at 3800 RPM(More)
The performance of organic photovoltaic devices based upon bulk heterojunction blends of donor and acceptor materials has been shown to be highly dependent on the thin film microstructure. In this tutorial review, we discuss the factors responsible for influencing blend microstructure and how these affect device performance. In particular we discuss how(More)
The technological attraction in organic solar cells is their compatibility to printing processes. However, up to today, nearly no literature on "printed" organic solar cells have been published and the major body of the research work was done by spin coating or blading techniques. Transferring the spin-coating or doctor blading process currently used for(More)