Christoph B Schell

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Nephronophthisis is an autosomal recessive cystic kidney disease that leads to renal failure in childhood or adolescence. Most NPHP gene products form molecular networks. Here we identify ANKS6 as a new NPHP family member that connects NEK8 (NPHP9) to INVS (NPHP2) and NPHP3. We show that ANKS6 localizes to the proximal cilium and confirm its role in renal(More)
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the most common primary glomerular disorder causing end-stage renal disease. Since the first description of this clinicopathological entity in the early 1930s, various studies have identified numerous underlying pathogenetic mechanisms. Nevertheless, FSGS is still a complex, only partially understood and in its(More)
The architectural design of our kidneys is amazingly complex, and culminates in the 3D structure of the glomerular filter. During filtration, plasma passes through a sieve consisting of a fenestrated endothelium and a broad basement membrane before it reaches the most unique part, the slit diaphragm, a specialized type of intercellular junction that(More)
Testicular peritubular cells are myofibroblastic cells, which represent the major cellular components of the wall of the seminiferous tubules. In men their phenotypic characteristics, including possible secretory activity and regulation, are not well known, in neither normal nor pathologically altered testes. Especially in testes of men with impaired(More)
Motile cilia polarization requires intracellular anchorage to the cytoskeleton; however, the molecular machinery that supports this process remains elusive. We report that Inturned plays a central role in coordinating the interaction between cilia-associated proteins and actin-nucleation factors. We observed that knockdown of nphp4 in multiciliated cells of(More)
As shown recently, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), the inducible key enzyme for the prostaglandin (PG) biosynthetic pathway, is abundantly present in interstitial cells of testes of men suffering from different forms of impaired spermatogenesis and sub- or infertility, but it is absent in human testes with normal spermatogenesis. Although the spectrum of the(More)
The molecular mechanisms that maintain podocytes and consequently, the integrity of the glomerular filtration barrier are incompletely understood. Here, we show that the class III phosphoinositide 3-kinase vacuolar protein sorting 34 (Vps34) plays a central role in modulating endocytic pathways, maintaining podocyte homeostasis. In mice, podocyte-specific(More)
Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) account for 40–50 % of chronic kidney disease that manifests in the first two decades of life. Thus far, 31 monogenic causes of isolated CAKUT have been described, explaining ~12 % of cases. To identify additional CAKUT-causing genes, we performed whole-exome sequencing followed by a genetic(More)
Precise positioning of the highly complex interdigitating podocyte foot processes is critical to form the normal glomerular filtration barrier, but the molecular programs driving this process are unknown. The protein atypical protein kinase C (aPKC)--a component of the Par complex, which localizes to tight junctions and interacts with slit diaphragm(More)
Vertebrate life critically depends on renal filtration and excretion of low molecular weight waste products. This process is controlled by a specialized cell-cell contact between podocyte foot processes: the slit diaphragm (SD). Using a comprehensive set of targeted KO mice of key SD molecules, we provided genetic, functional, and high-resolution(More)