Christoph Aufricht

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW This review is on renal function in patients with spina bifida. Risk factors for renal injury as well specific issues concerning the treatment of chronic renal failure, renal replacement therapy and kidney transplantation are discussed. Relevant work published earlier than 2000 is also considered because of a lack of recent literature. (More)
BACKGROUND Low biocompatibility of peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDF) contributes to mesothelial injury. We investigated whether the heat shock proteins (HSP)-27, HSP-72, and HSP-90 are differentially induced upon exposure of mesothelial cells to PDF and whether this was affected by selective modulation of the physicochemical properties of PDF. METHODS(More)
The cellular stress response decreases cellular injury, either via primary induction of cytoresistance or by secondary enhancement of cellular repair mechanisms. The most frequently studied and best understood effectors of the cellular stress response are the heat shock proteins (HSP). HSP are among the oldest tools in the cellular protein machinery,(More)
BACKGROUND Whilst energy drinks improve performance and feelings of alertness, recent articles suggest that energy drink consumption combined with alcohol may reduce perception of alcohol intoxication, or lead to increased alcohol or drug use. This review discusses the available scientific evidence on the effects of mixing energy drinks with alcohol. (More)
BACKGROUND During peritoneal dialysis (PD), epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is likely involved in aberrant healing and progressive peritoneal fibrosis. Recently, EMT of the kidney was actively reversed into the opposite direction, into mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET), by treatment with bone morphogenic protein-7 (BMP-7). In this study, the(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Obstruction can either be defined as a condition that hampers optimal renal development, or, more conservatively, as a restriction to urinary outflow that, when left untreated, will cause progressive renal deterioration. Currently, management is mostly based on the latter definition, but still remains controversial. Relevant work published(More)
Recent registry reports related short stature at the time of dialysis initiation to increased morbidity and mortality. Growth may therefore serve as an overall indicator of disease severity and therapy quality in pediatric chronic kidney disease. We studied whether early correction of uremic complications such as anemia was associated with growth failure.(More)
Currently, there are no data available on long-term effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) on graft function in children after renal transplantation. We therefore analyzed all children who were transplanted at our institution between 1989 and 1998 and followed for at least 2 years. Those treated with ACE-I, mainly because of failure of(More)
BACKGROUND A peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter is in place at the time of kidney transplantation in children receiving PD. Removal of the catheter eliminates the risk of catheter-related infections. However, the patient benefits from leaving the catheter in place if dialysis is necessary posttransplantation. There is currently no consensus on the proper(More)