Christoph Arens

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BACKGROUND Long-lasting impairment of the immune system is believed to be the underlying reason for delayed deaths after surviving sepsis. We tested the hypothesis of persisting changes to the immune system in survivors of sepsis for the first time. METHODS In our prospective, cross-sectional pilot study, eight former patients who survived(More)
Swallowing disorders are frequent. The main concern is mortality due to aspiration-induced pneumonia and malnutrition. In addition, quality of life is severely affected. The demographic trend indicates an increase of dysphagia in the future. Neurodegenerative diseases, tumors of the digestive tract, and sequelae of tumor treatment in the head and neck(More)
The quality of T cell responses differs dramatically during infancy and has been implicated in the susceptibility to infections, but the underlying cellular pathways are not well known. Here, we determined the effector phenotype of T cells in adenoids of 103 children with adenoid hyper-trophy that underwent adenoidectomy. We compared children with sole(More)
BACKGROUND Candida infections represent a relevant risk for patients in intensive care units resulting in increased mortality. Echinocandins have become the agents of choice for early and specific antifungal treatment in critically ill patients. Due to cardiac effects following echinocandin administration seen in intensive care unit (ICU) patients the in(More)
OBJECTIVE The study assesses the ability of cochlear implant (CI) recipients to discriminate music excerpts, namely melodies and chords. Natural instrument recordings were used to test whether an improved fine-structure transmission is beneficial for this task at low pitches. METHODS Seventeen CI recipients using either a continuously interleaved strategy(More)
The introduction of transoral endoscopic surgery has initiated a fundamental change in the treatment of head and neck cancer. The endoscopic approach minimizes the intraoperative trauma. Due to the lower burden for the patient and the savings potential these methods have gained wide acceptance. These transoral accesses routes allow experienced surgeons to(More)
Although recognized as a valuable diagnostic tool for more than 60 years, many laryngologists do not routinely use laryngeal electromyography (LEMG). This may be due to a persisting lack of agreement on methodology, interpretation, validity, and clinical application of LEMG. To achieve consensus in these fields, a laryngeal electromyography working group of(More)
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