Christoffer W. Tornøe

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Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modelling is most often performed using non-linear mixed-effects models based on ordinary differential equations with uncorrelated intra-individual residuals. More sophisticated residual error models as e.g. stochastic differential equations (SDEs) with measurement noise can in many cases provide a better description of the(More)
Grey-box pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modelling is presented as a promising way of modelling PK/PD systems. The concept behind grey-box modelling is based on combining physiological knowledge along with information from data in the estimation of model parameters. Grey-box modelling consists of using stochastic differential equations (SDEs) where(More)
Neurotoxins of natural origin have proved to be of considerable value in the isolation and characterization of vertebrate muscle and neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). To date, they have been used less extensively in studies of invertebrate nAChRs. Here we examine how a variety of neurotoxins (the snake toxins alpha-bungarotoxin,(More)
The standard software for non-linear mixed-effect analysis of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) data is NONMEM while the non-linear mixed-effects package NLME is an alternative as long as the models are fairly simple. We present the nlmeODE package which combines the ordinary differential equation (ODE) solver package odesolve and the non-linear mixed(More)
A number of putative nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit clones were isolated by screening a lambda library of Caenorhabditis elegans genomic DNA with a probe derived from the Drosophila melanogaster ard gene (a non-alpha nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit clone). Studies on one of these loci, acr-2, are described; acr-2 is located between sup-7(More)
The purpose of this work was to develop a consolidated set of guiding principles for reporting of population pharmacokinetic (PK) analyses based on input from a survey of practitioners as well as discussions between industry, consulting and regulatory scientists. The survey found that identification of population covariate effects on drug exposure and(More)
In this paper, the two non-linear mixed-effects programs NONMEM and NLME were compared for their use in population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modelling. We have described the first-order conditional estimation (FOCE) method as implemented in NONMEM and the alternating algorithm in NLME proposed by Lindstrom and Bates. The two programs were(More)
Nematode nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are molecular targets of several anthelmintic drugs. Studies to date on Caenorhabditis elegans and Ascaris suum have demonstrated atypical pharmacology with respect to nAChR antagonists, including the finding that kappa-bungarotoxin is a more effective antagonist than alpha-bungarotoxin on Ascaris muscle(More)
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