Christof Westenfelder

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Severe acute renal failure (ARF) remains a common, largely treatment-resistant clinical problem with disturbingly high mortality rates. Therefore, we tested whether administration of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to anesthetized rats with ischemia-reperfusion-induced ARF (40-min bilateral renal pedicle clamping) could improve the outcome through(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major clinical problem in which a critical vascular, pathophysiological component is recognized. We demonstrated previously that mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), unlike fibroblasts, are significantly renoprotective after ischemia-reperfusion injury and concluded that this renoprotection is mediated primarily by paracrine(More)
BACKGROUND Stem cell and leukocyte migration during homeostasis and inflammation is regulated by a number of chemokines. Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXCR4 are important mediators of leukocyte homeostasis. The postischemic kidney has been shown to recruit different leukocyte populations, including bone marrow-derived stem cells.(More)
BACKGROUND We reported recently that normal human, rat, and mouse tubular cells express authentic erythropoietin-receptors (EPO-R) through which EPO stimulates mitogenesis. The present study examines whether EPO could elicit such a proliferative and thereby potentially detrimental response in cells of human renal-cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS Nephrectomy(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major clinical problem associated with high morbidity and mortality. Likely due to its complex pathophysiology, therapies with a single pharmacological agent have generally failed to improve outcomes. In contrast, stem cell-based interventions utilize these cells' ability to simultaneously target multiple pathophysiological(More)
BACKGROUND Adult stem cells are promising for the development of novel therapies in regenerative medicine. Acute renal failure (ARF) remains a frequent clinical complication, associated with an unacceptably high mortality rate, in large part due to the ineffectiveness of currently available therapies. The aim of this study was, therefore, to evaluate the(More)
Adult stem cell treatment of complex disorders is a promising therapeutic approach and multipotent marrow stromal cells (MSCs) have been shown to be effective in various animal models of diseases. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious problem in hospitalized patients and bone marrow derived multipotent MSCs have been shown to be effective in(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a complex clinical problem associated with significant short-term morbidity and mortality and lacking effective pharmacologic interventions. Patients with AKI experience longer-term risks for progressive chronic ESRD, which diminish patients' health-related quality of life and create a larger burden on the healthcare(More)
Effective and targeted delivery of cells to injured organs is critical to the development of cell therapies. However, currently available in vivo cell tracking methods still lack sufficient sensitivity and specificity. We examined, therefore, whether a highly sensitive and specific bioluminescence method is suitable to noninvasively image the organ(More)
It is unknown whether atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is a mediator of environmental salt tolerance in euryhaline teleost fish. This was investigated in anesthetized Gila atraria, a euryhaline teleost native to springs of pleistocene Lake Bonneville. Plasma levels of immunoreactive (ir) ANF [using anti-human ANF-(99-126) antibodies] in fish obtained from a(More)