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Tagging of genes by chromosomal integration of PCR amplified cassettes is a widely used and fast method to label proteins in vivo in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This strategy directs the amplified tags to the desired chromosomal loci due to flanking homologous sequences provided by the PCR-primers, thus enabling the selective introduction of any(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum contains a quality control system that subjects misfolded or unassembled secretory proteins to rapid degradation via the cytosolic ubiquitin proteasome system. This requires retrograde protein transport from the endoplasmic reticulum back to the cytosol. The Sec61 pore, the central component of the protein import channel into the(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system requires the dislocation of substrates from the ER into the cytosol. It has been speculated that a functional ubiquitin proteasome pathway is not only essential for proteolysis, but also for the preceding export step. Here, we show that short ubiquitin chains(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) harbors a protein quality control system, which monitors protein folding in the ER. Elimination of malfolded proteins is an important function of this protein quality control. Earlier studies with various soluble and transmembrane ER-associated degradation (ERAD) substrates revealed differences in the ER degradation machinery(More)
Intracellular budding is a developmentally regulated type of cell division common to many fungi and protists. In Saccaromyces cerevisiae, intracellular budding requires the de novo assembly of membranes, the prospore membranes (PSMs) and occurs during spore formation in meiosis. Ssp1p is a sporulation-specific protein that has previously been shown to(More)
Integrative, centromeric, and episomal plasmids are essential for easy, fast, and reliable genetic manipulation of yeast. We constructed a system of shuttle vectors based on the widely used plasmids of the pRS series. We used genes conferring resistance to Geneticin (kanMX4), nourseothricin (natNT2), and hygromycin B (hphNT1) as markers. The centromeric and(More)
Light perception is indispensable for plants to respond adequately to external cues and is linked to proteolysis of key transcriptional regulators. To provide synthetic light control of protein stability, we developed a generic photosensitive degron (psd) module combining the light-reactive LOV2 domain of Arabidopsis thaliana phot1 with the murine ornithine(More)
During sporulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the four daughter cells (spores) are formed inside the boundaries of the mother cell. Here, we investigated the dynamics of spore assembly and the actin cytoskeleton during this process, as well as the requirements for filamentous actin during the different steps of spore formation. We found no evidence for a(More)
Nud1p, a protein homologous to the mammalian centrosome and midbody component Centriolin, is a component of the budding yeast spindle pole body (SPB), with roles in anchorage of microtubules and regulation of the mitotic exit network during vegetative growth. Here we analyze the function of Nud1p during yeast meiosis. We find that a nud1-2(More)
Spindle pole bodies (SPBs) provide a structural basis for genome inheritance and spore formation during meiosis in yeast. Upon carbon source limitation during sporulation, the number of haploid spores formed per cell is reduced. We show that precise spore number control (SNC) fulfills two functions. SNC maximizes the production of spores (1-4) that are(More)