Christof T. Klein

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Atom Probe Tomography (APT) consists of analyzing a needle-shaped specimen on an atom-by-atom basis. In recent years, instruments have become commercially available, enabling the sequential analysis of the same specimen in both laser- and voltage-pulsed modes. In this contribution, a comparison of field evaporated end-forms as a function of the voltage and(More)
The oxidation of Pd(111) leads to an incommensurate surface oxide, which was studied by the use of scanning tunneling microscopy, surface x-ray diffraction, high resolution core level spectroscopy, and density functional calculations. A combination of these methods reveals a two-dimensional structure having no resemblance to bulk oxides of Pd. Our study(More)
By means of spin-polarized low-energy electron microscopy, we show that the magnetic easy axis of one to three atomic-layer thick cobalt films on Ru(0001) changes its orientation twice during deposition: One-monolayer and three-monolayer thick films are magnetized in plane, while two-monolayer films are magnetized out of plane. The Curie temperatures of(More)
Proton-induced X-ray microanalysis (micro-PIXE) permits the simultaneous determination of the content and the distribution of elements with atomic numbers higher than Z = 13 in biological samples. This method was used to investigate element content and localization in cross-sections of 6-month-old spruce needles. It was possible to detect the elements(More)
In this paper we present depth profiles of a high-k layer consisting of HfO(2) with an embedded sub-nm thick ZrO(2) layer obtained with atom probe tomography (APT). In order to determine suitable measurement parameters for reliable, reproducible, and quantitative analysis, we have investigated the influence of the laser energy and the specimen temperature(More)
The physical properties of metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) and atomic layer deposition (ALD) deposited HfZrO4 films have been analyzed in detail by atom probe tomography, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, variable angle spectroscopic(More)
At low tunneling resistance, scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) images of a Rh(100) surface with adsorbed hydrogen reproducibly show protrusions in all bridge sites of the surface, leading to a naive interpretation of all bridge sites being occupied with H atoms. Using quantitative low-energy electron diffraction and temperature programmed desorption we(More)
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