Christof Kloetzsch

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Dynamic autoregulation has been studied predominantly in the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Because certain clinical conditions, ie, presyncopal symptoms or hypertensive encephalopathy, suggest a higher vulnerability of autoregulation within posterior parts of the brain, we investigated whether the cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV)(More)
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is increasingly recognized in association with cryptogenic stroke. Using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and transcranial Doppler sonography with ultrasonic contrast medium (contrast-TCD), we evaluated the frequency of a PFO as the fundamental condition of paradoxical embolism in 111 patients after cerebral ischemia. There(More)
BACKGROUND Second harmonic imaging is a new ultrasound technique that allows evaluation of brain tissue perfusion after application of an ultrasound contrast agent. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the potential of this technique for the assessment of abnormal echo contrast characteristics of different brain tumours. METHODS 27 patients with brain tumours were(More)
OBJECTIVE Alerted by the number of patients with transient global amnesia (TGA) in whom Valsalvalike activities immediately preceded the onset of TGA, we have investigated the frequency of patent foramen ovale (PFO) as the prerequisite for paradoxical embolism. DESIGN Case series with comparison to a control group. SETTING Hospitalized and ambulatory(More)
Atherosclerotic stenoses of the intracranial vessels are less frequent than those of the extracranial vessels, but they are associated with a considerable annual stroke rate. The aim of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of frequency-based transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS), transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) and digital(More)
Carotid artery disease was assessed in 180 patients by means of color Doppler flow imaging. Color Doppler findings in 360 carotid arteries were compared with the results of standard Doppler sonography, and color Doppler findings in 60 bifurcations were compared with the results of intraarterial angiography. The sensitivity of color Doppler for the detection(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It remains uncertain whether the annual stroke risk of 7% to 8% in middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis is of embolic or hemodynamic origin. Preliminary reports provide evidence of emboli exiting from acute MCA stenoses, detected by transcranial Doppler (TCD) sonography. With multirange monitoring before and after the stenosis, TCD(More)
PURPOSE Recently developed interventional radiologic techniques, such as embolization with platinum coils, may induce thrombus formation within an aneurysm. The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequency of microemboli distal to untreated and treated cerebral aneurysms. METHODS Among a total of 110 patients treated with platinum coil(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Carotid artery disease (CAD) is able to critically impair cerebral autoregulation which increases the risk for stroke. As therapeutic strategy largely depends on the degree of CAD, we investigated whether this gradation is also related to significant changes in autoregulatory capacity. We applied cross-spectral analysis (CSA) of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cross-spectral analysis (CSA) of spontaneous oscillations in cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) and arterial blood pressure is considered a sensitive and convenient method for dynamic autoregulation testing. So far, it has been unclear whether CSA can be used to assess stenoses of the intracranial arteries. METHODS This study for(More)