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We have isolated, by molecular cloning and genetic complementation of a listeriolysin-negative mutant, a gene required for the expression of this virulence factor in Listeria monocytogenes. The mutant strain SLCC53, which was nonhemolytic and avirulent, harbored a deletion of 450 base pairs located approximately 1500 base pairs upstream of the listeriolysin(More)
Signal peptide peptidase (SPP) is an unusual aspartyl protease that mediates clearance of signal peptides by proteolysis within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Like presenilins, which provide the proteolytically active subunit of the gamma-secretase complex, SPP contains a critical GXGD motif in its C-terminal catalytic center. Although SPP is known to be(More)
Plakophilin 1, a member of the armadillo multigene family, is a protein with dual localization in the nucleus and in desmosomes. To elucidate its role in desmosome assembly and regulation, we have analyzed its localization and binding partners in vivo. When overexpressed in HaCaT keratinocytes, plakophilin 1 localized to the nucleus and to desmosomes, and(More)
Gamma-secretase and signal peptide peptidase (SPP) are unusual GxGD aspartyl proteases, which mediate intramembrane proteolysis. In addition to SPP, a family of SPP-like proteins (SPPLs) of unknown function has been identified. We demonstrate that SPPL2b utilizes multiple intramembrane cleavages to liberate the intracellular domain of tumor necrosis factor(More)
Synaptojanin (synaptojanin 1) is a recently identified inositol 5'-phosphatase, which is highly enriched in nerve terminals and is implicated in synaptic vesicle recycling. It is composed of three domains: an amino-terminal SacI homology region, a central inositol 5'-phosphatase homology region, and a carboxyl-terminal proline-rich region. We have now(More)
Nodals are signaling factors of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) superfamily with a key role in vertebrate development. They control a variety of cell fate decisions required for the establishment of the embryonic body plan. We have identified two highly conserved transmembrane proteins, Nicalin and Nomo (Nodal modulator, previously known as(More)
Synaptojanin 1 is an inositol 5-phosphatase with a putative role in clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Goal of this study was to provide new evidence for this hypothesis. We show that synaptojanin 1 is concentrated at clathrin-coated endocytic intermediates in nerve terminals. Furthermore, we report that synaptojanin-170, an alternatively spliced isoform of(More)
Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is among the most frequent causes of both stroke and dementia. There is a growing list of genes known to be implicated in Mendelian forms of SVD. Also, genome-wide association studies have identified common variants at a number of genetic loci that are associated with manifestations of SVD, among them loci for white(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent genome-wide association studies identified the histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9) gene region as a major risk locus for large-vessel stroke and coronary artery disease. However, the mechanisms linking variants at this locus to vascular risk are poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the candidacy and directionality of(More)