Christof Brücke

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High-frequency stimulation (HFS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a well-established therapy for patients with severe Parkinson's disease (PD), but its mechanism of action is unclear. Exaggerated oscillatory synchronization in the beta (13-30 Hz) frequency band has been associated with bradykinesia in patients with PD. Accordingly, we tested the(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with exaggerated oscillatory synchrony in the basal ganglia at frequencies over 8-35 Hz. Studies have demonstrated a suppression of local field potential (LFP) activity in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) upon treatment with the dopamine prodrug, levodopa, with the degree of suppression of power in the 8-35 Hz band(More)
Depth recordings in patients with Parkinson's disease on dopaminergic therapy have revealed a tendency for oscillatory activity in the basal ganglia that is sharply tuned to frequencies of approximately 70 Hz and increases with voluntary movement. It is unclear whether this activity is essentially physiological and whether it might be involved in arousal(More)
Andrea A. Kühn,1,3 Florian Kempf,3 Christof Brücke,3 Louise Gaynor Doyle,1 Irene Martinez-Torres,1,2 Alek Pogosyan,1 Thomas Trottenberg,3 Andreas Kupsch,3 Gerd-Helge Schneider,4 Marwan I. Hariz,1,2 Wim Vandenberghe,5 Bart Nuttin,6 and Peter Brown1 1Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders and 2Unit of Functional Neurosurgery, Institute(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus is an effective treatment for patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. However, affective side effects following subthalamic deep brain stimulation have been reported. Here, we aim to elucidate the influence of affective state on emotional processing as indexed by local field potential activity(More)
Visual stimuli are judged for their emotional significance based on two fundamental dimensions, valence and arousal, and may lead to changes in neural and body functions like attention, affect, memory and heart rate. Alterations in behaviour and mood have been encountered in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) undergoing functional neurosurgery,(More)
Movement is accompanied by changes in the degree to which neurons in corticobasal ganglia loops synchronize their activity within discrete frequency ranges. Although two principal frequency bands--beta (15-30 Hz) and gamma (60-90 Hz)--have been implicated in motor control, the precise functional correlates of their activities remain unclear. Local field(More)
Movement preparation and execution are associated with a reduction in oscillatory synchrony over 6-35 Hz (event-related desynchronization; ERD) and increases in oscillatory synchrony at higher frequencies (event-related synchronization; ERS) in the human parkinsonian subthalamic nucleus (STN). The timing of the ERD < 35 Hz in STN correlates with, but(More)
In Parkinson's disease (PD) levodopa-associated changes in the power and long-range temporal correlations of beta oscillations have been demonstrated, yet the presence and modulation of genuine connectivity in local field potentials (LFP) recorded from the subthalamic nucleus (STN) remains an open question. The present study investigated LFP recorded(More)
There is evidence for synchronization at frequencies both under 30 Hz and over 60-80 Hz in the so-called gamma frequency band in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Gamma activity increases after dopaminergic therapy and during voluntary movement, suggesting that it might be physiological and relate to motor processing in the basal ganglia (BG). We(More)