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Cytochrome P-450 3A (CYP 3A) enzymes, the prominent subfamily in the cytochrome system, are expressed in various extrahepatic tissues. Until now, their expression has been demonstrated in human polymorphic neutrophils (PMNs) but not in lymphocytes using immunohistochemistry and immunoblot analysis. Moreover, their potential modulation has not been(More)
Ras activation is a frequent event in human hepatocarcinoma that may contribute to resistance towards apoptosis. Salirasib is a ras and mTOR inhibitor that induces a pro-apoptotic phenotype in human hepatocarcinoma cell lines. In this work, we evaluate whether salirasib sensitizes those cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Cell viability, cell death and(More)
BACKGROUND Conflicting data concerning the involvement of ghrelin in the pathophysiology of alcohol dependence have been reported. The aim of this study is to investigate how chronic alcohol ingestion influences plasma ghrelin levels and whether potential changes observed in plasma relate to modifications in ghrelin production in the stomach where this(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation might play a role in the development of several psychiatric diseases. However, the origins of processes that mediate inflammation are unknown. We previously reported increased intestinal permeability, elevated blood lipopolysaccharide levels, and low-grade systemic inflammation associated with psychological symptoms of alcohol(More)
Experiments performed on the portal branch ligation (PBL) model indicate that early changes observed after surgery are not related to the regenerative process because they also occur in atrophying lobes. To further confirm the lack of specificity of the early events and to exclude the influence of circulatory factors released by proliferating lobes on their(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) release after a standard test meal is decreased in coeliac patients. The aim of the study was to determine the origin of the CCK deficiency and the relationship between the distinctive types of mucosal lesions observed in coeliac disease and the number of duodenal CCK cells and their peptide and mRNA content. Duodenal biopsies were(More)
Several studies have emphasized the involvement of transcription factors, cytokines, and proto-oncogenes in initiating the regenerative process after partial hepatectomy. To assess whether these events do specifically occur in a cellular system undergoing regeneration, we studied the induction of nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB), interleukin-6 (IL-6),(More)
BACKGROUND Dysregulation of epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growth factor signaling play important roles in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), leading to frequent activation of their downstream targets, the ras/raf/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR)(More)
Activation of Ras and its downstream signaling pathways, likely contribute to the development of hepatocarcinoma. We have previously shown that intraperitoneal injections of the Ras inhibitor S-trans, trans-farnesylthiosalicyclic acid (FTS) blocks Ras activation and prevents heptocarcinoma development in rats receiving weekly injections of the carcinogene(More)
Activation of the cyclin E/Cdk2 complex may play an important role in mid-G1/S-phase progression in proliferating mammalian cells. We evaluated the effect of targeted inhibition of Cdk2 activity by CYC202 (R-roscovitine) on hepatocytes proliferation in vivo after 70% partial hepatectomy (PH) in rats. In controls, Cdk2 activity and DNA synthesis peaked 24 h(More)