Christine Z. Alvarado

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Blood components, especially hemoglobin, are powerful promoters of lipid oxidation and may decrease the shelf life of meat products. Therefore, this study examined different slaughter techniques to determine their effects on pH (24 h), color (L*a*b* values at 24 h), lipid oxidation, residual hemoglobin concentration (24 h), and sensory evaluation (d 1 and 4(More)
This study was designed to determine the effect of raw material and the inclusion of pork collagen on the protein functionality of boneless cured pork manufactured from 100% pale, soft, and exudative (PSE), 50% PSE, and 0% PSE with either 3 or 0% collagen. A Randomized Complete Block Design with six replications was utilized as the experimental design.(More)
Pale, soft, and exudative meat is a growing problem in the turkey industry that has been associated with processing conditions such as improper chilling. This condition is caused by accelerated postmortem glycolysis while carcass temperatures are still elevated, resulting in protein denaturation and poor meat quality. To evaluate the involvement of chilling(More)
The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of a lactic acid- and citric acid-based antimicrobial product on the reduction of Salmonella on whole broiler carcasses during processing and the reduction of Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on beef trim. Freshly harvested broiler carcasses were inoculated with an inoculum of Salmonella(More)
Pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) breast meat is caused by a rapid postmortem pH decline while carcass temperatures are still warm. The resulting protein denaturation leads to a pale color and a decrease in water-holding capacity, causing excessive yield losses to producers. If some of this protein damage could be prevented or reversed, and water-holding(More)
Boneless cured pork was produced from combinations of pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) and red, firm, and non-exudative (RFN) semimembranosus muscle. Response Surface Methodology was utilized to determine the effects of soy protein concentrate (SPC), sodium caseinate (SC), and modified food starch (MFS) on the water holding capacity and cooked color in a(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of electrical stimulation (ES) on rigor mortis development, calpastatin activity, and tenderness in anatomically similar avian muscles composed primarily of either red or white muscle fibers. A total of 72 broilers and 72 White Pekin ducks were either treated with postmortem (PM) ES (450 mA) at the neck in a(More)
Pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) refers to meat that is pale in color, forms soft gels, and has poor water-holding ability. Most frequently used in reference to pork, this defective meat is being seen with increasing frequency in turkey and broiler processing plants. It has been estimated that this PSE-type meat represents 5 to 40% of meat that is produced(More)
Pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) meat is a growing problem in the turkey industry and has been associated with processing conditions such as slow carcass chilling. The development of PSE meat is caused by protein denaturation resulting from a rapid rate of pH decline early postmortem (PM) while carcass temperatures are still elevated. This research was(More)
Marinated broiler breast fillets were evaluated using both air- and immersion-chilling treatments. Ninety fillets from air-chilled broiler carcasses and 90 fillets from immersion-chilled broiler carcasses were obtained from a processor to determine differences in meat quality, sensory, and shelf life. At 24 h postmortem, the fillets were vacuum-tumbled (25(More)