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OBJECTIVE Women with prior gestational diabetes mellitus (pGDM) are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and associated vasculopathy. Because increased fat mass and inflammatory processes are angiopathic risk factors, the relationship between insulin sensitivity, parameters of subclinical inflammation, and plasma concentrations of adipocytokines(More)
OBJECTIVE Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) show reduced insulin sensitivity and markedly elevated glucose excursions. After delivery, GDM mostly reverts to normal glucose tolerance (NGT), although leaving an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Because gastrointestinal function changes during pregnancy causing vomiting, constipation, or reduced(More)
OBJECTIVE Ectopic lipid storage in muscle (intramyocellular lipids [IMCL]) and liver (hepatocellular lipids [HCL]) coexists with impaired myocellular flux through ATP synthase (fATPase) in certain cohorts with increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Because women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (pGDM) have elevated ectopic lipids and diabetes(More)
Protocols for recipient desensitization may allow for successful kidney transplantation across major immunological barriers. Desensitized recipients, however, still face a considerable risk of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR), which underscores the need for risk stratification tools to individually tailor treatment. Here, we investigated whether solid(More)
Women with previous gestational diabetes (pGDM) are frequently insulin-resistant, which could relate to intramyocellular lipid content (IMCL). IMCL were measured with (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in soleus (IMCL-S) and tibialis-anterior muscles (IMCL-T) of 39 pGDM (32 +/- 2 years, waist-to-hip ratio 0.81 +/- 0.01) and 22 women with normal(More)
BACKGROUND Dysfunction of the vascular endothelium, preceding vascular morbidity and type 2 diabetes, is present in women with previous gestational diabetes (GDM). However, it is unknown whether excess weight, insulin resistance, and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA)--an endogenous nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor--also contribute to the vascular(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess a cluster of risk factors, including parameters of the metabolic syndrome, in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) early after delivery, that features the best prediction for developing diabetes. METHODS Women with GDM 3-6 months after delivery received a complete metabolic characterization at baseline as well as annually for(More)
BACKGROUND Despite major advances in transplant medicine, improvements in long-term kidney allograft survival have not been commensurate with those observed shortly after transplantation. The formation of donor-specific antibodies (DSA) and ongoing antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) processes may critically contribute to late graft loss. However, appropriate(More)
OBJECTIVE Haptoglobin (Hp), an Hb-binding plasma protein, exists in two major allelic variants. Hp1 has higher Hb binding and antioxidant capacity compared with Hp2. Individuals with Hp1 exhibit a lower incidence of angiopathies. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an early manifestation of type 2 diabetes in pregnant women. It is usually confined to the(More)
This is an uncopyedited electronic version of an article accepted for publication in Diabetes Care. The American Diabetes Association, publisher of Diabetes Care, is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it by third parties. The definitive publisher-authenticated version will be available(More)