Christine Van Hoof

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PP2A is one of the few serine/threonine-specific phosphatases in the cell, and its complex structure and regulation guarantees its many different functions. Some viruses have chosen to target this enzyme system in order to manage the host cell machinery for their own profit and to program cells into a malignant state. Suppression of PR61/B'gamma, a specific(More)
To elucidate the specific biological role of the yeast homologues of PTPA (phosphatase 2A phosphatase activator), Ypa1 and Ypa2 (where Ypa stands for yeast phosphatase activator), in the regulation of PP2A (protein phosphatase 2A), we investigated the physical interaction of both Ypa proteins with the catalytic subunit of the different yeast PP2A-like(More)
The protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) phosphatase activator (PTPA) is an essential protein involved in the regulation of PP2A and the PP2A-like enzymes. In this study we demonstrate that PTPA and its yeast homologues Ypa1 and Ypa2 can induce a conformational change in some model substrates. Using these model substrates in different assays with and without(More)
PTPA, or phosphotyrosyl phosphatase activator, is a protein that stimulates the tyrosyl phosphatase activity of protein phosphatase 2A in an ATP, Mg(2+)-requiring reaction (Cayla, X., Goris, J., Hermann, J., Hendrix, P., Ozon, R., and Merevede, W. (1990) Biochemistry 29, 658-667). We constructed oligonucleotide probes based on the amino acid sequences of(More)
In 20-40% of cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN) and in 4-8% of cervical carcinoma tissue specimens, multiple HPV genotypes have been detected. Whole tissue section (WTS) PCR does not determine how the individual types relate causally to complex and multiple CIN. Our objective was to determine whether laser capture micro-dissection (LCM) with HPV PCR(More)
Protein phosphatase type 2A (PP2A) is a major Ser/Thr phosphatase involved in several cellular signal transduction pathways. In this review, we will focus on recent progress concerning the role of PP2A in apoptotic signalling. Since PP2A activates pro-apoptotic and inhibits anti-apoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family, we conclude that PP2A has a positive(More)
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a multifunctional serine/threonine phosphatase that is critical to many cellular processes including cell cycle regulation and signal transduction. PP2A is a heterotrimer containing a structural (A) and catalytic (C) subunit, associated with one variable regulatory or targeting B-type subunit, of which three families have(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene YPA1 encodes a protein homologous to the phosphotyrosyl phosphatase activator, PTPA, of the mammalian protein phosphatase type 2A (PP2A). In order to examine the biological role of PTPA, we disrupted YPA1 and characterised the phenotype of the ypa1Delta mutant. Comparison of the growth rate of the wild-type strain and the(More)
We have described recently the purification and cloning of PP2A (protein phosphatase 2A) leucine carboxylmethyltransferase. We studied the purification of a PP2A-specific methylesterase that co-purifies with PP2A and found that it is tightly associated with an inactive dimeric or trimeric form of PP2A. These inactive enzyme forms could be reactivated as(More)