Christine Tyson

Learn More
Intellectual disability (ID) affects about 3% of the population (IQ < 70), and in about 40% of moderate (IQ 35-49) to severe ID (IQ < 34), and 70% of cases of mild ID (IQ 50-70), the etiology of the disease remains unknown. It has long been suspected that chromosomal gains and losses undetectable by routine cytogenetic analysis (i.e., less than 5-10 Mb in(More)
The in vivo-in vitro hepatocyte DNA repair assay has been shown to be useful for studying genotoxic hepatocarcinogens. In addition, measurement of S-phase synthesis (SPS) provides an indirect indicator of hepatocellular proliferation, which may be an important mechanism in rodent carcinogenesis. This assay was used to examine 24 chemicals for their ability(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), defined as two or more miscarriages, affects 3-5% of couples trying to establish a family. Despite extensive evaluation, no factor is identified in ∼40% of cases. In this study, we investigated the possibility that submicroscopic chromosomal changes, not detectable by conventional cytogenetic analysis, exist in(More)
Developmental abnormalities of human embryos can be visualized in utero using embryoscopy. Our previous embryoscopic and genetic evaluations detected developmental abnormalities in the majority of both euploid (74%) and aneuploid or polyploid (90%) miscarriages. Since we found the pattern of morphological changes to be similar in euploid and non-euploid(More)
Jacobsen syndrome is a rare contiguous gene disorder that results from a terminal deletion of the long arm of chromosome 11. It is typically characterized by intellectual disability, a variety of physical anomalies and a distinctive facial appearance. The 11q deletion has traditionally been identified by routine chromosome analysis. Array-based comparative(More)
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are complex neurodevelopmental conditions characterized by delays in social interactions and communication as well as displays of restrictive/repetitive interests. DNA copy number variants have been identified as a genomic susceptibility factor in ASDs and imply significant genetic heterogeneity. We report a 7-year-old female(More)
Array CGH enables the detection of pathogenic copy number variants (CNVs) in 5–15% of individuals with intellectual disability (ID), making it a promising tool for uncovering ID candidate genes. However, most CNVs encompass multiple genes, making it difficult to identify key disease gene(s) underlying ID etiology. Using array CGH we identified 47 previously(More)
The in vivo-in vitro hepatocyte DNA repair assay has been shown to be useful in the evaluation of the carcinogenic potential of chemicals. The purpose of this study was to apply this assay to determining the genotoxicity of the compounds from a wide variety of structural classes. Male Fischer-334 rats were treated by gavage or ip injection with compounds(More)
Higher resolution whole-genome arrays facilitate the identification of smaller copy number variations (CNVs) and their integral genes contributing to autism and/or intellectual disability (ASD/ID). Our study describes the use of one of the highest resolution arrays, the Affymetrix(®) Cytogenetics 2.7M array, coupled with quantitative multiplex polymerase(More)