Learn More
Several studies have reported on structural abnormalities, decreased myelination and oligodendrocyte dysfunction in post-mortem brains from schizophrenic patients. Glia-derived cholesterol is essential for both myelination and synaptogenesis in the CNS. Lipogenesis and myelin synthesis are thus interesting etiological candidate targets in schizophrenia.(More)
Interleukin-1 is a key inflammatory cytokine that mediates its effects through a type I receptor and a receptor accessory protein. These two molecules are members of a wider family of proteins that have in common the presence of immunoglobulin domains in the extracellular region of the protein and a TIR domain in the cytoplasmic region. The nature of this(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Microarray-based global gene expression profiling is a promising method, used to study potential genes involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. In the present study, we have examined global gene expression in normal-appearing gray matter and gray matter lesions from(More)
BACKGROUND In obesity, impaired adipose tissue function may promote secondary disease through ectopic lipid accumulation and excess release of adipokines, resulting in systemic low-grade inflammation, insulin resistance and organ dysfunction. However, several of the genes regulating adipose tissue function in obesity are yet to be identified. (More)
BACKGROUND The mammalian brain is divided into distinct regions with structural and neurophysiological differences. As a result, gene expression is likely to vary between regions in relation to their cellular composition and neuronal function. In order to improve our knowledge and understanding of regional patterns of gene expression in the CNS, we have(More)
Microglia are crucial for the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Here we show that the E3 ubiquitin ligase Peli1 is abundantly expressed in microglia and promotes microglial activation during the course of EAE induction. Peli1 mediates the induction of chemokines and proinflammatory(More)
Dysfunction of glial lipid metabolism and abnormal myelination has recently been reported in both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Cholesterol is a major component of myelin, and glia-produced cholesterol serves as a glial growth factor in synaptogenesis. We have recently demonstrated that antipsychotic drugs activate the sterol regulatory(More)
BACKGROUND The six-layered neocortex of the mammalian brain may appear largely homologous, but is in reality a modular structure of anatomically and functionally distinct areas. However, global gene expression seems to be almost identical across the cerebral cortex and only a few genes have so far been reported to show regional enrichment in specific(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigated the effects of hyperoxic treatment on growth, angiogenesis, apoptosis, general morphology and gene expression in DMBA-induced rat mammary tumors. METHODS One group of animals was exposed to normobaric hyperoxia (1 bar, pO2 = 1.0 bar) and another group was exposed to hyperbaric hyperoxia (1.5 bar, pO2 = 1.5 bar). A third(More)
The ST2L receptor is a member of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor family and has previously been cloned from human, mouse, rat and chicken. This orphan receptor has no known physiological role but has been implicated in T helper cell type 2 effector function. We describe in this report the cloning and characterisation of a cDNA encoding a homologue of ST2L(More)