Christine Roques

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OBJECTIVE The gut microbiota, which is considered a causal factor in metabolic diseases as shown best in animals, is under the dual influence of the host genome and nutritional environment. This study investigated whether the gut microbiota per se, aside from changes in genetic background and diet, could sign different metabolic phenotypes in mice. (More)
There is emerging evidence of the efficiency of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic treatments in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) and one of their long-term complications, colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, various strains of probiotic lactic acid bacteria, prebiotic glucooligosaccharides (GOS) or a synbiotic combination of the two were screened for(More)
The resistance of bacterial biofilms to physical and chemical agents is attributed in the literature to various interconnected processes. The limitation of mass transfer alters the growth rate, and physiological changes in the bacteria in the film also appear. The present work describes an approach to determination of the mechanisms involved in the(More)
The purpose of this study was to select endogenous human vaginal lactobacilli strains on the basis of the main probiotic properties observed in the vaginal environment in order to use them for the evaluation of the potential prebiotic properties of oligosaccharides. From vaginal samples of 50 women with a normal flora, 17 lactobacilli strains were first(More)
The growth inhibitory effect of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) W. Watson var. nurdus essential oil on Aspergillus niger (Van Tieghem) mycelium was determined on agar medium. The mycelium growth was completely inhibited at 800 mg/L. This concentration was found to be lethal under the test conditions. Essential oil at 400 mg/L caused growth inhibition of 80% after 4(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Many automatic washer disinfectors for flexible endoscopes have been marketed and offered as an alternative method of preventing infections, but they are frequently unsatisfactory. There is therefore clearly a need to test prototypes prior to marketing, following an evaluation process that is sufficiently reliable and rigorous to(More)
The activity of 19 antibiotics and four antiseptics and/or disinfectants was studied against 138 non-redundant strains of Aeromonas spp. (104 Aeromonas caviae, 22 Aeromonas sobria and 12 Aeromonas hydrophila) isolated from two European rivers. Antibiotic resistance frequencies were: nalidixic acid, 59%; tetracycline, 14%; fosfomycin, 8%; tobramycin and(More)
The pathogenesis of periodontitis involves the interplay of microbiota present in the subgingival plaque and the host responses. Inflammation and destruction of periodontal tissues are considered to result from the response of a susceptible host to a microbial biofilm containing gram-negative pathogens. Antimicrobial peptides are important contributors to(More)
The transport of a new bisphosphonate, Tiludronate, was investigated on the human adenocarcinoma cell line, CACO-2. Experiments were performed 7-16 days after cells achieved confluence, conditions under which they form well-differentiated monolayers joined by tight junctions. Tiludronate transport rate across CACO-2 monolayers was independent of the(More)
The bactericidal properties of peracetic acid, hydrogen peroxide, chlorine, and formaldehyde were compared in vitro using a rapid micromethod. A combination of peracetic acid and hydrogen peroxide was also tested to assess interactions. The activities of these agents, which are widely used as disinfectants, were evaluated against water isolates and culture(More)