Christine Renotte

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A multipath model of the mechanical behaviour of healthy lungs subject to a plethysmographic test (close to quiet breathing conditions) has been developed, which includes the main physiological nonlinearities. This model is built on a symmetric branching scheme based on Weibel's data, and uses non-linear fluid equations for the upper and lower airways. The(More)
Three-dimensional flow through an anatomically representative model of the human larynx has been numerically simulated. This model includes the vestibular folds, the vocal cords and the glottic and subglottic areas. Pseudo-time-varying glottic aperture and flow conditions have been considered during quiet breathing, with a peak volume flow rate of 0.75l/s(More)
Learning, i.e. estimation of weights and biases in neural networks, involves the minimization of an output error criterion, a problem which is usually solved using back-propagation algorithms. This paper aims to assess the potential of simultaneous perturbation stochastic approximation (SPSA) algorithms to handle this minimization problem. In particular, a(More)
Simultaneous perturbation stochastic approximation (SPSA) is a class of optimization algorithms which compute an approximation of the gradient and/or the Hessian of the objective function by varying all the elements of the parameter vector simultaneously and therefore, require only a few objective function evaluations to obtain first or second-order(More)
Repetitive occurrence of partial or total upper airway obstruction characterizes several respiratory dysfunctions such as the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). In OSAS patients, pharyngeal collapses are linked to a decrease in upper airway muscle activity during sleep which causes decreased upper airway wall stiffness. Continuous positive airway(More)
BACKGROUND It is a known fact that blood flow pattern and more specifically the pulsatile time variation of shear stress on the vascular wall play a key role in atherogenesis. The paper presents the conception, the building and the control of a new in vitro test bench that mimics the pulsatile flows behavior based on in vivo measurements. METHODS An in(More)