Christine R. Voisey

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The fungal family Clavicipitaceae includes plant symbionts and parasites that produce several psychoactive and bioprotective alkaloids. The family includes grass symbionts in the epichloae clade (Epichloë and Neotyphodium species), which are extraordinarily diverse both in their host interactions and in their alkaloid profiles. Epichloae produce alkaloids(More)
The relationship between cool-season grasses and fungal endophytes is widely regarded as mutualistic, but there is growing uncertainty about whether changes in resource supply and environment benefit both organisms to a similar extent. Here, we infected two perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) cultivars (AberDove, Fennema) that differ in carbohydrate content(More)
A facile procedure has been developed to regenerate white clover (Trifolium repens L.) plants, rapidly and directly from cotyledon explants of 3 day old seedlings. Scanning electron microscopy and histological sectioning demonstrated that shoot meristems developed from individual epidermal cells on the adaxial surface of the cotyledonary stalk, proximal to(More)
A fundamental hallmark of fungal growth is that vegetative hyphae grow exclusively by extension at the hyphal tip. However, this model of apical growth is incompatible with endophyte colonization of grasses by the symbiotic Neotyphodium and Epichloë species. These fungi are transmitted through host seed, and colonize aerial tissues that develop from(More)
White clover (Trifolium repens L.) plants from the cultivars Grasslands Huia and Grasslands Tahora have been transformed using Agrobacterium-mediated T-DNA transfer. Transgenic plants regenerated directly from cells of the cotyledonary axil. To transform white clover, shoot tips from 3 day old seedlings were co-cultivated with A. tumefaciens strain LBA4404(More)
Neotyphodium and Epichloë spp are closely related asexual and sexual endophytic fungi, respectively, that form mutualistic associations with cool season grasses of the subfamily Pooideae. The endophytes confer a number of advantages to their hosts, but also can cause animal toxicoses and these effects are, in many cases, due to the production of fungal(More)
Grasses of the tribe Triticeae were screened to determine the presence of mutualistic epichloae fungal endophytes. Over 1500 accessions, from more than 250 species, encompassing 22 genera within the Triticeae were screened using immunodetection and direct staining/microscopy techniques. Only two genera, Elymus and Hordeum, were identified as harbouring(More)
The production of secondary metabolite alkaloids by epichloë endophytes of grasses is of great interest to agriculture due to the opposing effects of pasture protection against insect herbivory and concomitant toxicity to stock. Recent molecular genetic analysis, that has greatly enhanced our understanding of secondary metabolite biosynthesis, is reviewed(More)
Fungal endophytes belonging to the genus Epichloë form associations with temperate grasses belonging to the sub-family Poöideae that range from mutualistic through to pathogenic. We previously identified a novel endophyte gene (designated gigA for grass induced gene) that is one of the most abundantly expressed fungal transcripts in endophyte-infected(More)
Epichloae endophytes of family Clavicipitaceae (comprising genera Epichloë and Neotyphodium) are fungal symbionts of Pooideae grasses. The associations formed, range from mutually beneficial to antagonistic and the nature of this relationship is dependent upon the importance of vertical (via host seeds) versus horizontal (ascospore mediated) transmission of(More)