Christine R Cremo

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Kinesin-1 is a molecular motor protein that transports cargo along microtubules. Inside cells, the vast majority of kinesin-1 is regulated to conserve ATP and to ensure its proper intracellular distribution and coordination with other molecular motors. Regulated kinesin-1 folds in half at a hinge in its coiled-coil stalk. Interactions between coiled-coil(More)
The smooth muscle isoform of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) is a Ca(2+)-calmodulin-activated kinase that is found in many tissues. It is particularly important for regulating smooth muscle contraction by phosphorylation of myosin. This review summarizes selected aspects of recent biochemical work on MLCK that pertains to its function in smooth muscle. In(More)
The environment near the ribose binding site of skeletal myosin subfragment 1 (S1) was investigated by use of two adenosine 5'-diphosphate analogues with fluorescent groups attached at the 2'- and 3'-hydroxyls of the ribose ring. We have compared steady-state and time-resolved fluorescent properties of the reversibly bound S1-nucleotide complexes and the(More)
Transient kinetic methods were used to study interactions between actin, MgADP, and smooth muscle (chicken gizzard) myosin subfragment 1 (smS1). The equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) of actin for smS1 was 3.5 nM, tighter than that of skeletal S1 (skS1). Actin binding to smS1 was weakened 5-fold by saturation with ADP compared to 30-60-fold for skS1.(More)
To understand the domain requirements of phosphorylation-dependent regulation, we prepared three recombinant constructs of nonmuscle heavy meromyosin IIB containing 1) two complete heads, 2) one complete head and one head lacking the motor domain, and 3) one complete head and one head lacking both motor and regulatory domains. Steady-state ATPase(More)
Recent structural evidence (Rayment, I., Holden, H. M., Whittaker, M., Yohn, C. B., Lorenz, M., Holmes, K. C., and Milligan, R. A. (1993) Science 261, 58-65) suggests that the two heads of skeletal muscle myosin interact when the protein is bound to filamentous actin. Direct chemical cross-linking experiments show that the two heads of smooth muscle myosin(More)
Current theories of muscle cross-bridge function suggest that force is generated by a change in the orientation of the myosin neck region. We attached a paramagnetic probe to a subunit in the neck region and measured the orientation of the probe using electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. The angle of the probes on smooth myosin S1 were changed by(More)
Ultraviolet irradiation above 300 nm of the stable MgADP-orthovanadate (Vi)-myosin subfragment 1 (S1) complex resulted in covalent modification of the S1 and in the rapid release of trapped MgADP and Vi. This photomodified S1 had Ca2+ATPase activity 4-5-fold higher than that of the non-irradiated control S1, while the K+EDTA-ATPase activity was below 10% of(More)
Reactions involving proteins frequently involve large changes in volume, which allows the equilibrium position to be perturbed by changes in pressure. Rapid changes in pressure can thus be used to initiate relaxation in pressure; however, this approach is seldom used, because it requires specialized equipment. We have built a microvolume (50 microl)(More)