Christine Quested

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OBJECTIVE To describe the dietary intake of American and Western Samoans, with emphasis on nutrients conventionally related to risk factors for cardiovascular disease. DESIGN Cross-sectional dietary survey. Intake estimates were based on 24-hour recall interviews. SUBJECT Community-based samples of 946 men and women (455 American Samoans, 491 Western(More)
A tax on soft drinks is often proposed as a health promotion strategy for reducing their consumption and improving health outcomes. However, little is known about the processes and politics of implementing such taxes. We analysed four different soft drink taxes in Pacific countries and documented the lessons learnt regarding the process of policy(More)
This article describes pathways through which trade policy change in two Pacific Island countries has contributed to changes in the food supply, and thereby to the nutrition transition. The effect of various trade policies from 1960 to 2005 on trends in food imports and availability is described, and case studies are presented for four foods associated with(More)
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has reached epidemic levels in the Samoan Islands. In this cross-sectional study conducted in 2002-2003, dietary patterns were described among American Samoan (n = 723) and Samoan (n = 785) adults (> or =18 y) to identify neo-traditional and modern eating patterns and to relate these patterns to the presence of metabolic(More)
The objective of this study was to determine iodine nutrition status and whether iodine status differs across salt intake levels among a sample of women aged 18-45 years living in Samoa. A cross-sectional survey was completed and 24-hr urine samples were collected and assessed for iodine (n=152) and salt excretion (n=119). The median urinary iodine(More)
Blood pressure (BP) levels were studied in 524 youth ages 4-19.9 years who reside in Samoa. The data were collected in two separate cross-sectional samples taken in 1979 (n = 292) and in 1991-93 (n = 232). BP was compared between these two study samples to evaluate the temporal change in BP among youth in response to the processes of economic modernization(More)
Lactose malabsorption was studied by a breath hydrogen technique in 139 Samoan and 68 white schoolchildren. The Samoans were studied in four locations, two in Western Samoa and two in New Zealand, and the white children in both the Cook Islands and New Zealand. The prevalence of malabsorption varied with location: for Samoans it ranged from 41% to 60% in(More)
Polynesian children have higher hospital admission rates than European children. This study compared 156 Polynesian children with 199 European children admitted to hospital for asthma. After controlling for socioeconomic status Polynesian children were similar to European children for many variables, but there were a number of important differences. The(More)
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