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Humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy is a common complication of lung and certain other cancers. The hypercalcemia results from the actions of tumor factors on bone and kidney. We report here the isolation of full-length complementary DNA clones of a putative hypercalcemia factor, and the expression from the cloned DNA of the active protein in mammalian(More)
The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a G-protein-coupled receptor that has an extracellular bilobed venus flytrap domain (VFTD) predicted to contain five calcium (Ca(2+))-binding sites. To elucidate the structure-function relationships of the VFTD, we investigated 294 unrelated probands with familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia (FHH), neonatal severe(More)
• The recommended level for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in infants, children, adolescents and during pregnancy and lactation is ≥ 50 nmol/L. This level may need to be 10-20 nmol/L higher at the end of summer to maintain levels ≥ 50 nmol/L over winter and spring. • Sunlight is the most important source of vitamin D. The US recommended dietary(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)-like bioactivity, assayed as adenylate cyclase response in UMR 106-01 osteogenic sarcoma cells, was present in extracts of sheep fetal and maternal parathyroid glands and placenta. Preincubation of extracts with PTH(1-34) antiserum inhibited approximately 40% of the bioactivity in fetal parathyroid extracts, 50% in maternal(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the reproductive health knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of persons with homozygous beta-thalassemia. DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING Patients treated at a tertiary hospital and community-based healthy controls. PARTICIPANT(S) One hundred and thirty persons, 16 years of age or older, who had homozygous beta-thalassemia and(More)
A parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) has recently been isolated from tumors associated with hypercalcemia. In the present study, we tested the effects of neutralizing antisera to the PTHrP on serum calcium and urine cAMP in two animal models of malignancy-associated hypercalcemia. The animal models consisted of (a) a human squamous cell lung cancer(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether maternal vitamin D supplementation, in the vitamin D deficient mother, prevents neonatal vitamin D deficiency. DESIGN Open-label randomized controlled trial. SETTING Metropolitan Melbourne, Australia, tertiary hospital routine antenatal outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS Seventy-eight women with singleton pregnancies with(More)
A protein with biological activities similar to parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been purified from serum-free culture medium obtained from a human lung cancer cell line (BEN). A major protein band of 18 kDa was obtained on NaDodSO4/polyacrylamide gels, with faint bands at 35 kDa and 67 kDa. Biological activity was associated only with the 18-kDa band. Amino(More)
Peptides corresponding to the amino-terminal region of the parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) of humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy were synthesized. A 34-amino acid peptide, PTHrP(1-34), was two to four times more potent than bovine or human PTH(1-34) in bioassays promoting the formation of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) and plasminogen(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify infants treated for vitamin D deficiency rickets, and to determine the incidence of vitamin D deficiency in their mothers and their mothers' country of origin. DESIGN A retrospective audit of the medical records of children diagnosed with vitamin D deficiency rickets. Inpatients were identified by discharge diagnoses of vitamin D(More)