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BACKGROUND During pregnancy, the demand for folic acid increases since the fetus requires this nutrient for its rapid growth and cell proliferation. The placenta concentrates folic acid into the fetal circulation; as a result the fetal levels are 2 to 4 times higher than the maternal level. Animal and in vitro studies have suggested that alcohol may impair(More)
Problem-based learning (PBL) tutors (n = 27) were interviewed to identify problems they encountered in facilitating a hybrid PBL-lecture curriculum. Analysis of responses yielded six problems for students: "mini-lecturing," dysfunctional group dynamics, completing cases too quickly, superficial research, frustration with tutors who lack content expertise,(More)
BACKGROUND Early detection of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may save lives. In the emergency setting, it is unclear whether the early use of certain cardiac markers (myoglobin and cardiac troponin I [cTnI]) assists in making appropriate decisions whether to admit or discharge patients with chest pain of possible ischemic cause who have nondiagnostic(More)
OBJECTIVES Salivary analysis is a noninvasive alternative that may be more acceptable to patients, especially children. As such, it has the potential for incorporation into comprehensive, dynamic investigations of metabolic dysfunctions - a significant advancement over a single time point serum analysis. In this study, we wanted to determine if the serum(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) is elevated in patients with end-stage kidney disease and has been linked with mortality, vascular calcification, markers of bone turnover, and left ventricular hypertrophy. In this cohort study, we determined the correlates of FGF-23 (including cardiac troponin T [cTNT]) and determined its association with mortality(More)
in Serum of a Patient with Rhabdomyolysis: Markers of Muscle Injury? Jeremy A. Simpson, Ralf Labugger, Geoffrey G. Hesketh, Christine D’Arsigny, Denis O’Donnell, Nobuko Matsumoto, Christine P. Collier, Steve Iscoe, and Jennifer E. Van Eyk (Departments of 1 Physiology, 2 Pathology, 3 Respirology, and 4 Biochemistry, Queen’s University, and 5 Kingston General(More)
Recent years have seen a steady decline in the number of new physician-investigators (Association of American Medical Colleges, 2000). To encourage medical students to select research careers, the Queen's University Faculty of Health Sciences curriculum includes a mandatory Critical Enquiry elective in the 2nd year. An anonymous written survey was(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of skeletal muscle injury is hampered by a lack of commercially available assays for serum markers specific for skeletal muscle; serum concentrations of skeletal troponin I (sTnI) could meet this need. Moreover, because sTnI exists in 2 isoforms, slow (ssTnI) and fast (fsTnI), corresponding to slow- and fast-twitch muscles,(More)
Current markers of myocardial injury lack specificity in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In particular, a false positive creatine kinase-MB (CKMB) elevation occurs in 5-10% of patients with ESRD. The aim of this study was to ascertain the relationship between CKMB and cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a new, highly sensitive and specific marker for(More)
Chronic ethanol exposure (CEE) can produce developmental abnormalities in the CNS of the embryo and developing fetus. Folic acid (FA) is an important nutrient during pregnancy and low folate status exacerbates ethanol-induced teratogenicity. This study tested the hypotheses that (1) CEE depletes folate stores in the mother and fetus; and (2) maternal FA(More)