Christine Morand

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Polyphenols are abundant micronutrients in our diet, and evidence for their role in the prevention of degenerative diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases is emerging. The health effects of polyphenols depend on the amount consumed and on their bioavailability. In this article, the nature and contents of the various polyphenols present in food(More)
Polyphenols are abundant micronutrients in our diet, and evidence for their role in the prevention of degenerative diseases is emerging. Bioavailability differs greatly from one polyphenol to another, so that the most abundant polyphenols in our diet are not necessarily those leading to the highest concentrations of active metabolites in target tissues.(More)
Polyphenols are the most abundant antioxidants in the diet and are widespread constituents of fruits, vegetables, cereals, dry legumes, chocolate, and beverages, such as tea, coffee, or wine. Experimental studies on animals or cultured human cell lines support a role of polyphenols in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, cancers, neurodegenerative(More)
Objective: Flavanones are polyphenols specific of citrus fruits, where they are present in high amounts. Although citrus fruits and juices are widely consumed in the world, little information has been published on flavanone bioavailability in humans. The aim of the present study was to determine the nature of the circulating metabolites, the plasma kinetics(More)
Quercetin is one of the most abundant flavonoids in the human diet. This study aimed to determine the plasma concentrations of quercetin in 10 healthy volunteers after the consumption of a complex meal rich in plant products. Quercetin was determined in plasma (2 h before, and 3, 7 and 20 h after the meal), and in a duplicated portion of the meal by HPLC(More)
Flavan-3-ols are the most abundant flavonoids in the human diet, but little is known about their absorption and metabolism. In this study, the absorption and metabolism of the monomeric flavan-3-ol, catechin, was investigated after the in situ perfusion of the jejunum + ileum in rats. Five concentrations of catechin were studied, ranging from 1 to 100(More)
The health effects of dietary polyphenols might be explained by both intact compounds and their metabolites formed either in the tissues or in the colon by the microflora. The quantitative importance and biological activities of the microbial metabolites have seldom been examined in vivo. We measured the microbial metabolites formed in four groups of rats(More)
In the present study the actual role of propionic acid in the control of fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis was investigated in isolated liver cells from fed rats maintained in the presence of near-physiological concentrations of glucose, glutamine and acetate. Using 3H2O for lipid labelling, propionate appears as an effective inhibitor of fatty acid(More)
Plant extracts rich in polyphenols (PERP) could represent interesting alternative antioxidants but their use in ruminants needs further investigation since the antioxidant capacity of PERP could be altered by digestive processes. The aim of the study was to investigate the bioavailability and the antioxidant capacity of four PERP (rosemary; grape; citrus;(More)
BACKGROUND Although numerous human studies have shown consistent effects of some polyphenol-rich foods on several intermediate markers for cardiovascular diseases, it is still unknown whether their action could be specifically related to polyphenols. OBJECTIVE We investigated the effect of orange juice and its major flavonoid, hesperidin, on microvascular(More)