Christine Marie Powers

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Considerable evidence indicates that mRNA associates with structural filaments in the cell (cytoskeleton). This relationship would be an important mechanism to effect mRNA sorting since specific mRNAs could be sequestered at sites within the cell. In addition, it can provide a mechanism for spatial regulation of mRNA expression. However, the precise(More)
Fine tuning of the protein folding environment in subcellular organelles, such as mitochondria, is important for adaptive homeostasis and may participate in human diseases, but the regulators of this process are still largely elusive. Here, we have shown that selective targeting of heat shock protein-90 (Hsp90) chaperones in mitochondria of human tumor(More)
Tpr is a 270-kD coiled-coil protein localized to intranuclear filaments of the nuclear pore complex (NPC). The mechanism by which Tpr contributes to the structure and function of the nuclear pore is currently unknown. To gain insight into Tpr function, we expressed the full-length protein and several subdomains in mammalian cell lines and examined their(More)
The recycling endosome localizes to a pericentrosomal region via microtubule-dependent transport. We previously showed that Sec15, an effector of the recycling endosome component, Rab11-GTPase, interacts with the mother centriole appendage protein, centriolin, suggesting an interaction between endosomes and centrosomes. Here we show that the recycling(More)
Atg6 (beclin 1 in mammals) is a core component of the Vps34 complex that is required for autophagy. Beclin 1 (Becn1) functions as a tumor suppressor, and Becn1(+/-) tumors in mice possess elevated cell stress and p62 levels, altered NF-κB signaling and genome instability. The tumor suppressor function of Becn1 has been attributed to its role in autophagy,(More)
Autophagy is a conserved process that delivers components of the cytoplasm to lysosomes for degradation. The E1 and E2 enzymes encoded by Atg7 and Atg3 are thought to be essential for autophagy involving the ubiquitin-like protein Atg8. Here, we describe an Atg7- and Atg3-independent autophagy pathway that facilitates programmed reduction of cell size(More)
Autophagy is a catabolic pathway that is important for turnover of long-lived proteins and organelles, and has been implicated in cell survival, tumor progression, protection from infection, neurodegeneration, and cell death. Autophagy and caspases are required for type II autophagic cell death of Drosophila larval salivary glands during development, but(More)
In mammalian cells the signal recognition particle (SRP) consists of a approximately 300 nucleotide RNA and six proteins. Although the molecular structure and functional cycle of the SRP are both very well understood, far less is known about how the SRP is first assembled in the cell. Recent work has suggested that SRP assembly begins in the nucleoli. When(More)
Filamentous actin has been shown to play a major role in the control of mRNA expression. Previous work emphasized RNA-cytoskeletal interactions using biochemical fractionation. More recently, in situ hybridization at the light microscopic and ultrastructural levels has shown that actin, in particular, is directly associated with mRNAs. It is proposed that(More)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) can be difficult to treat due to patient noncompliance and treatment efficacy. This anxiety disorder presents in behaviors such as checking, washing, repeating/counting, ordering/symmetry, harming obsessions, religious/sexual obsessions, obsessional slowness, pure obsessions and hoarding. Of these behaviors, hoarding is(More)
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