Christine Malmberg

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BACKGROUND Ideally, care prior to the initiation of dialysis should increase the likelihood that patients start electively outside of the hospital setting with a mature arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter. However, unplanned dialysis continues to occur in patients both known and unknown to nephrology services, and in both late(More)
Although the aetiology of polyps is still, for the most part, unknown, the disease is known to involve tissue oedema. Vascular permeability/vascular endothelial growth factor (VPF/VEGF) is a major inducer of angiogenesis and capillary permeability. This study investigated VPF/VEGF expression in biopsies of nasal polyps from 39 patients and in healthy nasal(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of nasal polyposis is mainly unknown although it has been connected with many clinical conditions. The long-term clinical course of nasal polyposis is largely unknown, because long-term followup studies on the recurrence of nasal polyposis have rarely been reported. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to find out the clinical course(More)
A-mode ultrasound (A-US) is a simple, non-invasive and non-ionizing method for detecting fluid or even mucosal swelling in inflamed maxillary and frontal sinuses. A-US has been shown to be a quite reliable tool in the diagnosis of acute maxillary sinusitis. However, controversy still exists over the reliability of A-US in detecting fluid retention or(More)
An impaired sense of smell is a common complaint in patients with nasal polyposis, and hyposmia is usually attributed to obstruction of the nasal airways. The duration of nasal polyposis and nasal surgery may also affect olfaction. It has been shown that aging and chronic rhinitis both impair olfaction. The aim of our study was to evaluate the sense of(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) guidelines recommend aggressive risk factor modification to improve cardiovascular outcomes. Recommended pharmacologic therapies include antiplatelets, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and HMG-CoA-reductase inhibitors (statins). PURPOSE We studied the degree to which patient admission to a(More)
Simultaneous conjunctival and nasal provcation tests, a total of 174 test pairs, were carried out in fifty patients with allergic rhinitis, using serially diluted antigen solutions of birch, Timothy grass and mugwort pollen, as well as cat and dog dander. The nasal mucosa was found to be more sensitive than the conjunctival mucosa in ninety-six test pairs(More)
Skin tests and bronchial, nasal and conjunctival provocation tests with pollen and animal dander allergens were performed in thirty patients with atopic asthma. In vivo test results were compared only when the same batch of allergen had been used. A nasal reaction was mostly elicied at a lower concentration of allergen than was needed to elicit a bronchial(More)
The allergenic potency of different birch, Timothy and mugwort pollen extracts was determined by means of a direct RAST titration allergen assay. For birch and Timothy allergens, the results of skin and provocation tests did not confirm the results of the in vitro determinations of allergenicity. There was a poor correlation between the results of skin(More)
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