Christine M. Sedgley

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A 4-year longitudinal study of the oral prevalence of enteric gram-negative rods and yeasts in 116 Chinese primary school children in Hong Kong was conducted. The oral prevalence of enteric gram-negative rods for each consecutive year was 25.3%, 37.0%, 24.0% and 25.8% respectively, with a weighted mean of 27.9%. Enterobacteriaceae, which comprised 57% of(More)
AIM To test the hypothesis that the mechanical efficacy of irrigation in reducing bacteria in the root canal is dependent on depth of placement of the irrigation needle. METHODOLOGY The root canals of 30 permanent cuspids were instrumented to apical size 60 using a crown-down technique. A suspension of the bioluminescent reporter strain Pseudomonas(More)
The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine whether the substitution of 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate for sterile water as a mixing agent would enhance the antimicrobial activity of tooth-colored ProRoot mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) against Actinomyces odontolyticus (ATCC17982), Fusobacterium nucleatum (ATCC2586), Streptococcus sanguis(More)
This study investigated the prevalence, phenotype and genotype of oral enterococci. Enterococci were detected in oral rinse samples from 11% of 100 patients receiving endodontic treatment and 1% of 100 dental students with no history of endodontic treatment (P=0.0027). All enterococcal isolates were identified as Enterococcus faecalis. Viable counts ranged(More)
There are conflicting data on the occurrence of Enterococcus faecalis in the oral cavity of endodontic patients. This study investigated the prevalence of E. faecalis in multi-site oral samples (n = 136) from 41 endodontic patients using culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Additionally, culturable strains were investigated for virulence traits.(More)
Reports on the prevalence of Enterococcus faecalis in root canals vary considerably, potentially because of variations in clinical sampling and sample analysis methods. This study compared culture and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to detect and quantify E. faecalis in the same root canal sample. Consecutive root canal samples(More)
AIM The hypotheses tested in this study were that: (i) Enterococcus faecalis can survive long-term entombment in root filled teeth without additional nutrients, (ii) initial cell density influences the survival of E. faecalis in instrumented root canals and (iii) gelatinase-production capacity influences the survival of E. faecalis in root canals. (More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Enterococci have been implicated in persistent root canal infections but their role in the infection process remains unclear. This study investigated the virulence, phenotype and genotype of 33 endodontic enterococcal isolates. METHODS Phenotypic tests were conducted for antibiotic resistance, clumping response to pheromone, and production(More)
Enterococcus faecalis MC4 harbors a 130 kb conjugative, pheromone (cCF10)-responding plasmid, pAMS1, conferring chloramphenicol, streptomycin and tetracycline resistances. A plasmid-borne class IIa bacteriocin (MC4-1) determinant and cognate immunity gene were present, but not expressed in MC4. However, pAMS1 transfer to E. faecalis JH2-2 (but not to the(More)
This study compared biomechanical properties (punch shear strength, toughness, hardness, and load to fracture) of 23 endodontically treated teeth (mean time since endodontic treatment: 10.1 yr) and their contralateral vital pairs. Analyses using paired t tests revealed no significant differences in punch shear strength, toughness, and load to fracture(More)