Christine M. Pedroarena

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Malfunctions of potassium channels are increasingly implicated as causes of neurological disorders. However, the functional roles of the large-conductance voltage- and Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (BK channel), a unique calcium, and voltage-activated potassium channel type have remained elusive. Here we report that mice lacking BK channels (BK(-/-)) show(More)
Attempting to understand how the brain, as a whole, might be organized seems, for the first time, to be a serious topic of inquiry. One aspect of its neuronal organization that seems particularly central to global function is the rich thalamocortical interconnectivity, and most particularly the reciprocal nature of the thalamocortical neuronal loop(More)
Cortical-projecting thalamic neurons, in guinea pig brain slices, display high-frequency membrane potential oscillations (20-80 Hz), when their somata are depolarized beyond -45 mV. These oscillations, preferentially located at dendritic sites, are supported by the activation of P/Q type calcium channels, as opposed to the expected persistent sodium(More)
Although the entire output of the cerebellar cortex is conveyed to the deep cerebellar nuclei neurons (DCNs) via the GABAergic synapses established by Purkinje cells (PCs), very little is known about the strength and dynamic properties of PC-DCN connections. Here we show that activation of PC-DCN unitary connections induced large conductance changes (11.7(More)
In the present report, we provide evidence that mesencephalic trigeminal (Mes-V) sensory neurons, a peculiar type of primary afferent cell with its cell body located within the CNS, may operate in different functional modes depending on the degree of their membrane polarization. Using intracellular recording techniques in the slice preparation of the adult(More)
Cerebellar cortical signals are carried to their principal target, the deep cerebellar nuclear neurons (DCNs), via the inhibitory pathway formed by Purkinje cell (PC) axons. Two different intrinsic properties of DCNs, rebound excitation and automatic firing, have been proposed to support ensuing mechanisms for information transfer via inhibitory synapses.(More)
Synaptic gain control and information storage in neural networks are mediated by alterations in synaptic transmission, such as in long-term potentiation (LTP). Here, we show using both in vitro and in vivo recordings from the rat cerebellum that tetanization protocols for the induction of LTP at parallel fiber (PF)-to-Purkinje cell synapses can also evoke(More)
Despite evidence of local glycinergic circuits in the mature cerebellar nuclei the result of their activation remains unknown. Here, using whole cell recordings in rat cerebellar slices we demonstrated that after postnatal day 17 (>P17) glycinergic IPSCs can be readily evoked in large deep cerebellar nuclear neurons (DCNs), in the same way as in neonatal(More)
Stimulation of a region within the parvocellular medullary reticular formation (PcRF) that contains somas of premotor interneurons produces short latency inhibitory synaptic potentials (IPSPs) in cat trigeminal motoneurons. The present study was undertaken to determine whether glycinergic synapses are responsible for these IPSPs. The intravenous(More)
We have proposed that neurotrophins, in addition to their trophic actions, act as neuromodulators in the adult central nervous system. As a first step to test this hypothesis, we examined in the adult rat slice preparation whether nerve growth factor and neurotrophin-3 are capable of altering the excitability of neurons of the mesencencephalic trigeminal(More)